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Multiple Sclerosis and Nursing Home Care

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What Is Long-Term Care?

Long-term care refers to a comprehensive range of medical, personal, and social services coordinated to meet the physical, social, and emotional needs of people who are chronically ill or disabled. A nursing home facility may be the best choice for people who require 24-hour medical care and supervision.

What Type of Care Do Nursing Homes Provide?

There are two types of care provided by nursing homes:

  1. Basic care: services required to maintain a resident's activity of daily living. Includes personal care, mobility, supervision, and safety.
  2. Skilled care: care that requires the services of a registered nurse for treatments and procedures on a regular basis. Skilled care also includes services provided by specially trained professionals, such as physical, occupational, and respiratory therapists.

What Services Do Nursing Homes Offer?

The services nursing homes offer vary from facility to facility. Services often include:

  • Room and board
  • Monitoring of medication
  • Personal care (including dressing, bathing, and toileting assistance)
  • 24-hour emergency care
  • Social and recreational activities

How Can I Find the Right Nursing Home?

Finding the right nursing home takes time. It is important to begin the search for a suitable nursing home well in advance of seeking admission to the facility. There may be waiting periods for available accommodations, especially if you are using government funding such as Medicaid. Also, planning ahead can make the transition of moving into a nursing home much easier.

Talk with your family and caregivers about what services you will need. Take time to consider what services are important to you before calling different nursing homes.

Think about these questions:

  • What daily activities do I need help with (bathing, dressing, toileting, eating)?
  • How often do I need help?

Before scheduling a visit to the nursing homes you are interested in, ask about vacancies, admission requirements, level of care provided, and participation in government-funded health insurance options.

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