Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
RRMS Medication: Disease-Modifying Drugs continued...
These drugs make relapses happen less often and make them less severe. They may keep the disease from getting worse for a while.
You can take some DMDs by injection. These drugs include:
You’ll need to take some DMDs through an IV at a clinic or hospital. These include:
Three types of DMDs come in pill form. They are:
- Dimethyl fumarate (Tecfidera)
- Fingolimod (Gilenya)
- Teriflunomide (Aubagio)
DMDs have side effects. You and your doctor will weigh the pros and cons of each drug. And your doctor will watch your symptoms closely during treatment.
Steroid Treatment for Flare-ups
The symptom flares of RRMS happen when the brain and spinal cord get inflamed. Reducing the inflammation is key to treating a relapse.
Mild flares may not need treatment. If you have severe symptoms, your doctor may recommend steroids. You can take some of these medications through an IV and others by mouth.
A short-term, high-dose course of steroids can help:
- Reduce inflammation
- Make the relapse shorter and less severe
Your doctor may prescribe other types of drugs to treat different RRMS symptoms. For example, you might take:
Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle
A healthy lifestyle is an important way to feel your best. Be sure to:
It’s also important to be active when you have MS. Exercise can help you:
- Stay mobile
- Control your weight
- Boost your mood and energy levels
Try different types of exercise, including activities to get your heart pumping, like walking or swimming, and moves that strengthen your muscles and stretch your body. When you make an exercise plan, keep in mind:
- Start slowly, even with 5 to 10 minutes of activity.
- Avoid getting overheated if you are sensitive to temperature.
- Ask a physical therapist to help you build an exercise program.