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What Is Multiple Sclerosis?


How Is Multiple Sclerosis Diagnosed?

Making the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis isn't easy, because the symptoms are vague and often fleeting. Factors that a health professional considers are:

  • Two or more isolated episodes of symptoms that could be caused by MS. The episodes must last at least 24 hours and occur a month apart.
  • MRI test showing the areas of demyelination (lesions).

There are other tests that a health professional may perform.

How Is Multiple Sclerosis Treated?

There are a variety of medications available that can reduce the frequency and severity of symptoms in some people with multiple sclerosis. Some drugs can also slow the progression of certain types of MS.

There are also a variety of medications available that can:

  • Shorten attacks of MS (acute worsening of symptoms)
  • Relieve the symptoms of MS (such as pain, urinary problems, and muscle stiffness)




WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Richard Senelick, MD on August 31, 2012
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