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Multiple Sclerosis Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Multiple Sclerosis

  1. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - Symptoms

    The symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) vary from person to person depending upon which parts of the brain or spinal cord (central nervous system) are damaged. The loss of myelin and scarring caused by MS can affect any part of the central nervous system.

  2. Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical Trials - Topic Overview

    During clinical trials, people who have multiple sclerosis (MS) participate in studies that test new therapies for the disease. The therapies tested in clinical trials have shown promise in laboratory and animal research, but they may not have been shown to be safe and effective for humans yet. Each trial requires that a person meet specific requirements (involving, for example, age, time since diagnosis, and course of MS) in order to ensure that the results will be clear enough to be useful.Medicines being tested in clinical trials pass through four phases:Phase I: Testing for safetyPhase II: Testing for effectiveness against the disease. This phase is usually limited to less than 50 people.Phase III: Comparing the medicine with a placebo or an already approved therapy. Participants are watched closely for side effects. This phase may involve hundreds of people in several locations.Phase IV: Further testing of approved medicinesCall the National Multiple Sclerosis Society

  3. Multiple Sclerosis: Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) - Topic Overview

    Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is a medicine often used to boost the body's immune system and make it better able to fight disease. It is made from donated blood fluids. Treatment with IVIG may improve function and lengthen the time before a relapse in people who have relapsing-remitting MS. 1 It does not seem to help slow the progression of MS. 2 IVIG can also lengthen the time before a ...

  4. Multiple Sclerosis: Treating Sexual Problems With Medicines - Topic Overview

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) can cause sexual problems that may be helped by medication. Men may have difficulty achieving or sustaining an erection,and women may have problems with lubrication. Both men and women may have a low sex drive. Sildenafil (Viagra) has been reported to improve sexual problems for men and women who have MS. 1 Other medications that may improve erectile dysfunction ...

  5. Multiple Sclerosis: Mental and Emotional Problems - Topic Overview

    Cognitive impairment problems can be caused by multiple sclerosis (MS) and may include difficulty with: Memory,especially short-term memory. Problem solving. Keeping attention on a mental task,such as a math calculation. Finding the right words to express yourself. These problems are often quite mild early in the course of the disease. But they may get worse with time,depending on the ...

  6. Neurological Examination for Multiple Sclerosis

    Before conducting a neurological examination for multiple sclerosis (MS), the doctor will collect information about your symptoms. The kinds of symptoms, as well as how and when they occur, are important in evaluating whether you might have MS. Even symptoms that you might have had several years ago can be important.The neurological examination will cover:Mental ability and emotional ...

  7. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - Treatment Overview

    Treatment can make living with multiple sclerosis (MS) easier. Your type of treatment will depend on the severity of your symptoms and whether your disease is active or in remission. Initial treatment: In an attempt to slow down the progression of multipl

  8. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - When To Call a Doctor

    Some of the symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) are similar to those of many other illnesses. See your doctor if over a period of time you have more than one symptom, such as: Blurry, foggy, or hazy vision, eyeball pain, loss of vision, or double vision.

  9. Multiple Sclerosis: Medicines for Depression - Topic Overview

    Depression is the most common mental health problem in people who have multiple sclerosis (MS). It may result from having a chronic disease or may be a side effect of certain MS medicines,such as interferon betas. Depression may be treated with: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs),such as fluoxetine (Prozac) or sertraline (Zoloft). These medicines may also make the person more ...

  10. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - Prevention

    There is no way to prevent multiple sclerosis (MS) or its attacks. But certain medications can help delay disability and reduce relapses.

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