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    Multiple Sclerosis Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Multiple Sclerosis

    1. How Multiple Sclerosis Is Diagnosed

      There is no single test to diagnose MS. WebMD explains the criteria and imaging tests used to determine if a person has multiple sclerosis.

    2. Riskier Alternative Treatments for MS

      Some people with MS try alternative therapies to relieve symptoms. Do bee stings, cobra venom, hypnosis, and Reiki help with pain, fatigue, or immune response? WebMD looks at the studies.

    3. How Multiple Sclerosis Changes Over Time

      The course of multiple sclerosis varies from person to person and depends on the type of MS.

    4. How MS Disability Is Measured

      WebMD explains how MS disability is measured with the use of tests and scales.

    5. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - Topic Overview

      Pain is a frequent problem for people who have multiple sclerosis (MS). Medicines that may be used to bring relief include: Nonprescription pain relievers. These include acetaminophen (such as Tylenol),ibuprofen (such as Advil),and naproxen (such as Aleve). Baclofen (Lioresal). Carbamazepine (Tegretol). Phenytoin (Dilantin). Gabapentin (Neurontin). This drug may also help relieve muscle ...

    6. Multiple Sclerosis: Medicines for Muscle Stiffness and Tremors - Topic Overview

      Spasticity Several medicines may be used to treat muscle stiffness ( spasticity ) caused by multiple sclerosis (MS). Baclofen (Lioresal) is the drug of choice for spasticity. It is available in tablets or by delivery through a pump implanted in the lower spinal area. Pump delivery is effective for those with severe spasticity. Tizanidine (Zanaflex) is a drug similar to baclofen. It is ...

    7. Rehabilitation Programs for Multiple Sclerosis - Topic Overview

      There is no cure for multiple sclerosis (MS). So far, the only treatments proved to affect the course of the disease are disease-modifying medicines, such as interferon beta. Other types of treatment should not replace these medicines if you are a candidate for treatment with them.Some people who have MS report that alternative treatments have worked for them. This may be in part due to the placebo effect. The placebo effect means that you feel better after getting treatment, even though the treatment has not been proved to work. Some complementary therapies may help relieve stress, depression, fatigue, and muscle tension. And some may improve your overall well-being and quality of life.Some people think that certain things may increase the risk of having an attack of MS, including:Dietary deficiencies.Sensitivity to foods and environmental toxins (including mercury amalgam in dental work).Sensitivity to stress and trauma.Viral infection while at a young age that causes a permanent,

    8. Rehabilitation Programs for Multiple Sclerosis - Topic Overview

      Multiple sclerosis, often called MS, affects the central nervous system—the brain and spinal cord. It can cause problems with muscle control and strength, vision, balance, feeling, and thinking. Rehabilitation programs often help. They include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and cognitive retraining.Physical therapyPhysical therapy uses exercise of all types to help you stay as independent as possible. Your therapist will help you find which exercises are best for you. This might mean doing exercises at home or walking. Or you might exercise in a swimming pool or do yoga.Exercises:Stretch and strengthen muscles.Get your heart and lungs working harder.Help you with your balance.You'll also learn how to cool off between exercises, since heat can make symptoms worse.People with constant symptoms may need therapy every day. Others won't need it as often.Occupational therapyThis therapy teaches you how to be as independent as possible.You can learn how to use

    9. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - Topic Overview

      Multiple sclerosis (MS) can cause sexual problems that may be helped by medication. Men may have difficulty achieving or sustaining an erection,and women may have problems with lubrication. Both men and women may have a low sex drive. Sildenafil (Viagra) has been reported to improve sexual problems for men and women who have MS. 1 Other medications that may improve erectile dysfunction ...

    10. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - Topic Overview

      Generally,multiple sclerosis (MS) follows one of four courses: Relapsing-remitting,where you have alternating periods of active disease when symptoms flare up and periods when symptoms fade. This cycle can occur for many years. The disease does not advance during the remissions. Secondary progressive,where active symptoms of MS become steadily progressive,with ongoing damage to the ...

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