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Multiple Sclerosis Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Multiple Sclerosis

  1. Multiple Sclerosis and Geographic Location - Topic Overview

    The number of people who have multiple sclerosis (MS) increases the farther away they are from the equator. In areas near the equator,MS occurs in fewer than 1 out of 100,000 people. In areas farther from the equator-such as northern Europe and northern North America-MS occurs in around 30 to 80 out of 100,000 people. 1 When moving south of the equator,the number of people with MS is less ...

  2. Multiple Sclerosis Progression - Topic Overview

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects different people in different ways. For people who have only mild symptoms from time to time,the disease may not have much impact on their everyday lives. People with more severe MS have frequently recurring or ongoing symptoms and may become disabled within a few years. Most people with MS are between these extremes. For them,MS involves a series of attacks ...

  3. Assistive Devices for People With Disabilities - Topic Overview

    Assistive devices are tools that help you hold objects,open and close doors,transfer weight while shifting positions,or walk. They assist you by making certain daily activities easier to perform if you have any degree of physical disability related to multiple sclerosis (MS). Assistive devices can help you with daily activities such as bathing,grooming,dressing,walking or otherwise being ...

  4. Multiple Sclerosis: Questions About What to Expect - Topic Overview

    Finding out that you have multiple sclerosis (MS) can be frightening. Even if you know a lot about MS,it is hard to predict how the disease will affect you. Some questions you might ask include the following: Will I have to use a wheelchair? MS affects how nerves in your brain and spinal cord communicate with each other. If your MS attacks the nerves that control your muscles (especially in ...

  5. Neurological Examination for Multiple Sclerosis

    Before conducting a neurological examination for multiple sclerosis (MS), the doctor will collect information about your symptoms. The kinds of symptoms, as well as how and when they occur, are important in evaluating whether you might have MS. Even symptoms that you might have had several years ago can be important.The neurological examination will cover:Mental ability and emotional ...

  6. Multiple Sclerosis: Medicines for Fatigue - Topic Overview

    Medications used to treat fatigue caused by multiple sclerosis (MS) include: Amantadine (Symmetrel). This medication generally has few side effects. When they do occur,they may include dry mouth,blurred vision,urinary retention,fluid retention,and rash. Fluoxetine (Prozac). This antidepressant may help reduce fatigue in some people with MS. ...

  7. Evoked Potential Test for Multiple Sclerosis

    An evoked potential test measures the time it takes for nerves to respond to stimulation. The size of the response is also measured. Nerves from different areas of the body may be tested. Types of responses are:Visual evoked response or potential (VER or VEP), which is when the eyes are stimulated by looking at a test pattern.Auditory brain stem evoked response or potential (ABER or ABEP), which .

  8. Multiple Sclerosis: Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) - Topic Overview

    Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is a medicine often used to boost the body's immune system and make it better able to fight disease. It is made from donated blood fluids. Treatment with IVIG may improve function and lengthen the time before a relapse in people who have relapsing-remitting MS. 1 It does not seem to help slow the progression of MS. 2 IVIG can also lengthen the time before a ...

  9. Multiple Sclerosis: Mental and Emotional Problems - Topic Overview

    Cognitive impairment problems can be caused by multiple sclerosis (MS) and may include difficulty with: Memory,especially short-term memory. Problem solving. Keeping attention on a mental task,such as a math calculation. Finding the right words to express yourself. These problems are often quite mild early in the course of the disease. But they may get worse with time,depending on the ...

  10. Multiple Sclerosis: MRI Results - Topic Overview

    An MRI scan is the best way to locate multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions (also called plaques) in the brain or spinal cord. An MRI scan shows multiple brain lesions in more than 90% of people who have MS. 1 But abnormal MRI results do not always mean that you have MS. Abnormalities show up on scans from many illnesses other than MS. An abnormal finding on an MRI scan alone is not enough to ...

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