Multiple Sclerosis: Questions About What to Expect - Topic Overview
Finding out that you have multiple sclerosis (MS) can be frightening. Even if you know a lot about MS,it is hard to predict how the disease will affect you. Some questions you might ask include the following: Will I have to use a wheelchair? MS affects how nerves in your brain and spinal cord communicate with each other. If your MS attacks the nerves that control your muscles (especially in ...
Multiple Sclerosis: Medicines for Fatigue - Topic Overview
Medications used to treat fatigue caused by multiple sclerosis (MS) include: Amantadine (Symmetrel). This medication generally has few side effects. When they do occur,they may include dry mouth,blurred vision,urinary retention,fluid retention,and rash. Fluoxetine (Prozac). This antidepressant may help reduce fatigue in some people with MS. ...
Multiple Sclerosis: Modifying Your Home - Topic Overview
If you have trouble moving around or if you become tired easily because of multiple sclerosis (MS),it may help to make some changes in your home. For instance,it might be helpful to: Change the location of furniture so that you can hold on to something as you move around the house. Use specially modified chairs that make it easier to sit down and stand up. Group the items you use most ...
Multiple Sclerosis and Pregnancy - Topic Overview
Most people who are diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) are women in their child-bearing years. Questions about whether MS affects getting pregnant or about labor and delivery are common. Here are some answers:Most couples in which one partner has MS are able to have children without MS affecting the pregnancy, labor, or delivery. MS does not increase the risk of miscarriage or birth defects.Some women have fewer MS symptoms during pregnancy, then a temporary relapse after delivery. But pregnancy, delivering a baby, and early motherhood do not increase the risk of being disabled by MS over time.1There is some evidence that pregnancy may actually help delay disability long-term in women who have MS.2Plan aheadIf you have MS, and you want to have children, talk with your doctor. Some things to think about and plan for include:Some medicines used to treat MS should not be used during pregnancy. If you are taking medicine for MS, use reliable birth control until you decide to try to
Types of Multiple Sclerosis - Topic Overview
Generally,multiple sclerosis (MS) follows one of four courses: Relapsing-remitting,where you have alternating periods of active disease when symptoms flare up and periods when symptoms fade. This cycle can occur for many years. The disease does not advance during the remissions. Secondary progressive,where active symptoms of MS become steadily progressive,with ongoing damage to the ...
Multiple Sclerosis: MRI Results - Health Tools
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Multiple Sclerosis: Should I Start Taking Medicines for MS?
Neurological Examination for Multiple Sclerosis
Before conducting a neurological examination for multiple sclerosis (MS), the doctor will collect information about your symptoms. The kinds of symptoms, as well as how and when they occur, are important in evaluating whether you might have MS. Even symptoms that you might have had several years ago can be important.The neurological examination will cover:Mental ability and emotional ...
Multiple Sclerosis Progression - Topic Overview
Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects different people in different ways. For people who have only mild symptoms from time to time,the disease may not have much impact on their everyday lives. People with more severe MS have frequently recurring or ongoing symptoms and may become disabled within a few years. Most people with MS are between these extremes. For them,MS involves a series of attacks ...
Multiple Sclerosis: Bladder Problems - Topic Overview
A person with multiple sclerosis (MS) may have difficulty emptying the bladder completely, because the muscle that helps to retain urine cannot relax (a form of spasticity).Sometimes urination can be stimulated by pressing or tapping the bladder area or by straining. Medicines can also help in some cases, including propantheline, oxybutynin (for example, Ditropan), or tolterodine (Detrol).When these methods or medicines do not help, you may have to use a urinary catheter, a thin flexible tube that you can insert into the channel through which urine exits the body (urethra). This is called intermittent self-catheterization. A little instruction and a few practice sessions with a nurse are all that are needed to learn to do intermittent self-catheterization. The procedure is usually done at the toilet.The technique provides immediate relief of symptoms and helps prevent urinary tract infections and their complications.Some people who have MS may only need to use the technique for a few
Multiple Sclerosis: Mercury Dental Fillings - Topic Overview
There is no evidence to support the claim that mercury from dental fillings is a factor in making MS symptoms worse. Any reduction of MS symptoms after removal of mercury amalgam fillings is most likely a coincidence and occurs because the person has entered a period of remission unrelated to the dental treatment. The placebo response in people who have MS may be as high as 70%,making it very ...