Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Multiple Sclerosis Health Center

Font Size

Brain Scan Helps Tell the Future of MS

WebMD Health News
Reviewed by Gary D. Vogin, MD

Jan. 16, 2002 -- Being told you possibly have multiple sclerosis is very troubling. And the definite answer may take months or even years to come. But a new study shows that an MRI brain scan can give you and your doctor a good idea of what lies ahead.

It's not uncommon for someone to develop a nerve problem such as blurry vision or difficulty controlling an arm or leg. After further testing, however, some of these people are told that they possibly have multiple sclerosis. In fact, this is how the story begins in 90% of people with MS, according to lead author Peter A. Brex, MD.

His findings appear in the Jan. 17 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine,

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is thought to be an autoimmune disease, which means that your own immune system mistakenly attacks normal tissues in your body. In MS, these attacks are aimed at the brain and spinal cord, known collectively as the central nervous system.

In this new study, Brex and colleagues have found that an MRI brain scan can predict which people with potential MS symptoms probably do have the disease and will go on to develop significant disability down the road. Being able to diagnose the disease early could help doctors slow the course of the MS.

The researchers studied 71 people who had gone to the doctor with a single nerve problem that possibly indicated MS. Each person then had a series of MRI scans. The MRI scans were evaluated closely and the people were examined again about 14 years later.

Overall, definite MS developed in 68% of the people. Among the 71 people tested, 88% of those with an abnormal MRI developed full-blown MS. But only 19% of people with a normal MRI developed MS. So, the MRI was moderately effective at predicting who would and who wouldn't develop definite MS.

The researchers then looked at the amount of abnormal markings on the MRI to determine if they could predict who would develop more disability from their MS.

Today on WebMD

nerve damage
Learn how this disease affects the nervous system.
woman applying lotion
Ideas on how to boost your mood and self-esteem.
woman pondering
Get personalized treatment options.
man with hand over eye
Be on the lookout for these symptoms.
brain scan
worried woman
neural fiber
white blood cells
sunlight in hands
marijuana plant
muscle spasm