If you have multiple sclerosis (MS), it is important to find ways of coping with the practical and emotional demands of the disease. These are different for everyone, so home treatment varies from person to person.
Home treatment may involve making it easier to get around your home, dealing with depression, handling specific symptoms, and getting support from your family and friends.
Exercise is not just good for your health, it's an important part of MS treatment. Being active gives you more energy and makes you less tired. It helps prevent bladder and bowel problems, and it can boost your mood.
Modify your home to keep it safe and easy to get around. For example, to help prevent falls, install grab bars in the bathroom and don't use throw rugs. And try adjusting your daily schedule so that your routine is less stressful or tiring.
Be active, either on your own or with the help of a physical therapist.
Avoid getting overheated. Increased body temperature can temporarily make your symptoms worse. Use an air conditioner, keep your home somewhat cool, and avoid hot swimming pools and hot tubs. During warm or hot weather, exercise in an air-conditioned area rather than outdoors.
Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, grains, cereals, legumes, poultry, fish, lean meats, and low-fat dairy products. A balanced diet for a person who has MS is the same as that recommended for most healthy adults.
Change how and what you eat if you are having problems swallowing.
Thicker drinks make swallowing easier. Try milk shakes or juices in gelatin form.
Avoid foods such as crackers or cakes that crumble easily. These can cause choking.
Soft foods need less chewing. Use a blender to prepare food for easiest chewing.
Eat frequent, small meals to avoid fatigue from eating heavy meals.