Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - Home Treatment
If you have
multiple sclerosis (MS), it is important to find ways
of coping with the practical and emotional demands of the disease. These are
different for everyone, so home treatment varies from person to person.
Home treatment may involve making it easier to get around your home,
depression, handling specific symptoms, and getting
support from your family and friends.
Modify your home or make adjustments to
your work situation. It also may help to adjust your daily schedule so that
your routine is less stressful or tiring. Excessive fatigue is a common problem
for people with MS.
- Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables,
grains, cereals, legumes, poultry, fish, lean meats, and low-fat dairy
products. A balanced diet for a person who has MS is the same as that
recommended for most healthy adults.
Get regular exercise, either on your
own or with the help of a physical therapist. If you want to exercise on your
own, ask your doctor or a physical therapist to recommend appropriate
Deal with urination problems. At some
time, most people with MS have bladder problems that can involve difficulty
retaining or releasing urine or a combination of both. Your doctor may
prescribe a medicine to help you. It may also help to plan your fluid intake
and activities so that a toilet will be available when you need to
- Change how and what you eat if you are having problems
swallowing, a common problem with advanced MS.
- Thicker drinks make swallowing easier. Try
milk shakes or juices in gelatin form.
- Avoid foods such as crackers
or cakes that crumble easily. These can cause choking.
- Soft foods
need less chewing. Use a blender to prepare food for easiest
- Eat frequent, small meals to avoid fatigue from eating
occupational therapy, and nonmedical treatment done at
home may also help you manage symptoms and adjust to living and working
situations. For more information, see:
Multiple Sclerosis: Rehabilitation Programs.
Make all efforts to preserve your health. Proper diet,
rest, wise use of energy, and practical and emotional support from your family,
friends, and doctor can all be very helpful.
advice about coping with MS at home, contact the National Multiple Sclerosis
Society at www.nationalmssociety.org.