Making Waves: Doctor Group Issues Safety Recommendations for Personal Watercraft Use
WebMD News Archive
Feb. 9, 2000 (Atlanta) -- Deaths and injuries from personal watercraft
accidents have increased dramatically over the last decade, according to a
report in the February issue of Pediatrics. Doctors recommend a minimum
operating age of 16 and mandatory use of flotation devices approved by the U.S.
Because some communities have limited or banned the use of watercraft known
as jet skis, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) reviewed several regional
and national reports. The data show that, along with increased use of personal
watercraft, there has also been a dramatic increase in related deaths and
Data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System indicate that
there was a fourfold increase in related emergency room visits from 1990 to
1995. The U.S. Coast Guard reports an increase in fatalities from 5 in 1987 to
57 in 1996. In 1997, 83 fatalities were reported by the National Association of
State Boating Law Administrators. Many of these incidents involved children and
According to a 1998 report by the National Transportation Safety Board, 9%
of all operators in personal watercraft incidents were less than 16 years of
age, and 46% were less than 24 years of age. In a California report, operators
less than 18 years of age accounted for 14% of all boating accidents, 18% of
all boating injuries, and 5% of all boating fatalities. Personal watercraft
were involved in more than 90% of these incidents. These findings led the AAP
to develop safety recommendations.
"Personal watercraft are the only recreational boats for which the
leading cause of death isn't drowning, and most incidents occur in collisions
with other vessels, docks, or tree stumps," says Marilyn Bull, MD,
chairwoman of the Committee on Injury and Poison Prevention and professor of
pediatrics at Indiana University School of Medicine. "Three studies cite
inexperience, inattention, excessive speed, and recklessness as behavioral
factors [leading to accidents]." Bull, who reviewed the report for WebMD,
says that most fatalities are the result of blunt trauma.
"In this part of the country, we see way too many of these
accidents," says David Shatz, MD, a trauma surgeon and associate professor
of surgery at the University of Miami School of Medicine. "Lacerations
account for most of the injuries, followed by fractures and head trauma. Given
the high speed of personal watercraft, it's amazing that protective gear isn't
According to Bull, it's not yet clear which helmet provides the best
protection. "Although some professional riders wear helmets, more research
is needed to determine which type of helmet provides the best protection,"
she says. "But the Personal Watercraft Industry Association currently
recommends a wet suit, gloves, protective eyewear, and footwear."
The AAP urges pediatricians and legislators to support its
- As the popularity of jet skis has risen, so have the number of injuries and
deaths due to accidents.
- The American Academy of Pediatrics is recommending a minimum operating age
of 16 and the required use of flotation devices.
- Personal watercrafts are the only recreational boats for which the leading
cause of death is not drowning, but rather trauma.