Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Font Size

LGBT Health Research Falls Far Short

Little Known About Health Needs in U.S. for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People
WebMD Health News
Reviewed by Laura J. Martin, MD

March 31, 2011 -- Lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgendered Americans are distinct populations with unique health needs -- but what are those needs?

"We do not know exactly what these experiences and needs are," concludes the report of a panel of medical experts convened by the Institute of Medicine (IOM). The IOM was asked to propose an LGBT research agenda by the National Institutes of Health.

"In detailing just how little is known about the health issues confronting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people, the IOM report exposes the disturbing fact that our community has been largely ignored in most medical and health services research," Rea Carey, executive director of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, says in a news release.

The initials LGBT make it seem that people who are not heterosexual are somehow all alike. But the IOM panel quickly determined that each of these populations faces different health issues, has different access to health care, and faces different medical challenges.

A big problem with finding out what those challenges are is that there has been no systematic effort to find LGBT individuals and ask them about it.

A major change proposed by the IOM -- and likely to be taken up by the National Institutes of Health, the Health and Human Services Department, the CDC, and other data-gathering arms of the government -- is to include questions about sexual identity and sexual preference on future surveys and questionnaires as well as on electronic health records.

"It's easy to assume that because we are all human, gender, race, or other characteristics of study participants shouldn't matter in health research, but they certainly do," IOM Committee Chair Robert Graham, chair of family medicine at the University of Cincinnati, says in a news release.

While this information would be gathered just as questions about ethnicity now are collected, the IOM admits that phrasing such questions will be tricky.

The IOM panel suggests that researchers should look at LGBT health issues from four perspectives:

  • Studies taking a life-course perspective should examine challenges that LGBT individuals face during four life stages: childhood, adolescence, early middle age, and later adulthood.
  • Studies taking a minority stress perspective should examine the health effects of stigmatization and bias on sexual and gender minorities.
  • Studies taking an "intersectional perspective" should examine the health status of LGBT individuals in the context of their racial, ethnic, economic, and geographic diversity.
  • Studies taking a social ecology perspective should look at how the health of LGBT individuals is affected by their community and interpersonal relationships.

WebMD Video: Now Playing

Click here to wach video: Dirty Truth About Hand Washing

Which sex is the worst about washing up? Why is it so important? We’ve got the dirty truth on how and when to wash your hands.

Click here to watch video: Dirty Truth About Hand Washing