U.S. Sets New Goals for a Healthier Nation
Health and Human Services Department Reveals Blueprint to Make Americans Healthier by 2020
Oct. 31, 2011 -- Federal officials today released a list of critical health priorities for the coming decade designed to serve as a blueprint to help make the nation healthier by 2020.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) for the first time listed improving oral health and high school graduation rates as important goals for achieving better health among Americans.
The priority goals have been identified by federal officials to help reach the Healthy People 2020 objective of improving the health of all Americans.
Health Improvements Over the Last Decade
In a presentation delivered in Washington D.C. on Monday, HHS Assistant Secretary for Health Howard K. Koh, MD, MPH, noted that over the previous decade the average life expectancy of Americans has increased from 77 years to 78 years.
Koh made the remarks at the annual meeting of the American Public Health Association.
He noted that three out of four health objectives identified by health officials to be met by 2010 were either met or substantial progress was made toward meeting them.
"We saw death rates decline for many of the major killers in our society including breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and prostate cancer," he said. "We saw death rates from coronary heart disease and stroke decline and we saw some reductions in disparities in areas such as immunization and sexually-transmitted diseases."
Blueprint for Better Health
Koh says the goals identified Monday will help health policy makers at the federal, state, and community level make priorities for the coming decade.
At the top of the list is expanding access to medical care and increasing the number of Americans with their own primary care provider.
Other goals for 2020 include:
- Increasing the percentage of eligible Americans who are screened for colorectal cancer from the current 54% to 70% and the percentage of eligible women who have mammograms from 70% to 77%.
- Increasing the percentage of people with high blood pressure and diabetes whose conditions are adequately controlled with medication.
- Increasing the percentage of young teens who receive booster doses of the tetanus-diphtheria-accellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine from 47% to 80% and increasing the vaccination rate with two doses of the varicella (chickenpox) vaccine in this age group from 37% to 90%.
- Increasing the number of Americans who see a dentist regularly to around 49%, from a current rate of about 44%.
Role of Education
For the first time the goals include a section identifying social factors that help determine health, such as education.
A major goal is to increase the percentage of students who graduate from high school with a regular diploma in four years from around 75% to 82% by 2020.
The move was made in recognition of the fact that higher education is closely linked to better health, Cater Blakey, of the HHS Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, tells WebMD.