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Oral Care

Medical Reference Related to Oral Health

  1. Temporomandibular Disorders: Dental Splints - Topic Overview

    Dental treatment is sometimes used to treat temporomandibular (TM) disorders. Splints (bite plates,mouth guards),which are custom-made by a dentist,fit between the upper and lower teeth. They may be used for short periods of time to ease muscle tension and stabilize the jaw. Splints are worn mostly at night,because people tend to clench or grind their teeth during sleep. In cases of disc ...

  2. Bruxism and Temporomandibular Disorders - Topic Overview

    Bruxism is the unconscious act of grinding the teeth,usually at night during sleep. Bruxism has been observed in people of all ages,including young children. It is a contributing factor in temporomandibular (TM) disorders. Like daytime teeth clenching,bruxism is often considered to be stress-related. Sleep disorders are also a cause of bruxism. The negative effects of bruxism include: ...

  3. Tonsillitis - Medications

    Tonsillitis is usually caused by a virus and does not require prescription medication.

  4. Gum Disease - Topic Overview

    What is gum disease?Gum disease is an infection of the tissues and bones that surround and support the teeth. It is also called periodontal disease.There are two types of gum disease: Gingivitis (say jin-juh-VY-tus) is mild gum disease that affects only the gums, the soft tissue that surrounds the teeth.Periodontitis (say pair-ee-oh-don-TY-tus) is more severe. It spreads below the gums to damage the tissues and bone that support the teeth.What causes gum disease?Gum disease is caused by the growth of germs called bacteria on the teeth and gums. Bacteria are present in plaque, a clear, sticky substance your mouth produces. The bacteria in plaque feed on sugars in the foods you eat and drink and make poisons (toxins) and other chemicals. The toxins irritate your gums, causing them to swell and bleed easily when brushed.In time, plaque can harden into a buildup called calculus or tartar. This irritates the gums even more and causes them to pull away from your teeth. Things that make you

  5. Treating a Bad Taste in Your Mouth - Topic Overview

    Everyone gets a bad taste in the mouth from time to time. Try the following simple home treatment measures to improve the taste in your mouth: Gargle with water. Brush your teeth,tongue,roof of your mouth,and gums using toothpaste. Rinse your mouth with mouthwash. Drink liquids,chew sugar-free gum or mints,or suck on sour candies. Use plastic utensils if you have a bitter or metallic ...

  6. Basic Dental Care - Home Treatment

    Developing good dental health habits is the best way to prevent tooth decay and gum disease. Older adults may have special concerns about dentures, and those with arthritis may have trouble holding a toothbrush. Effective brushing and flossingBrush after eatingGet into a routine of brushing and flossing. Brush after meals and snacks and before bed.Use a toothbrush with soft, rounded - end bristles

  7. Open-Joint Arthroplasty for Temporomandibular Disorders

    Open-joint arthroplasty is surgery to repair, reposition, replace, or remove parts in a joint.

  8. Jaw Problems: Exercise and Relaxation - Topic Overview

    To help prevent or treat a temporomandibular disorder (TMD), you can try gentle jaw exercises. You can also try techniques that help you relax your jaw muscles.ExerciseTry a gentle exercise to restore normal range of motion, improve flexibility, and strengthen the jaw muscles. Your doctor, dentist, or physical therapist can recommend additional exercises.Do not do this exercise when your pain is severe or if it makes your pain worse.While watching yourself in a mirror, gently open and close your mouth, dropping your jaw straight up and down.Repeat for a few minutes each morning and night.Look for small improvements in the jaw's range of motion as you practice this exercise from day to day.RelaxationPaying attention to how you use your jaw can both prevent and help relieve symptoms. Good habits that help relax and rest your jaw include: Keep your teeth apart and your lips closed.Keep your tongue on the roof of your mouth, not between your teeth.Avoid things that make your jaw

  9. Dental Care: Brushing and Flossing Your Teeth

    Your teeth can last a lifetime if you practice basic dental care, which involves brushing and flossing regularly, eating a mouth - healthy diet, and visiting your dentist and/or dental hygienist for regular checkups and cleanings. Developing good dental health habits is the best way to prevent tooth decay and gum disease. What are good brushing and flossing? Why are brushing and flossing important

  10. Your Child and the Dentist - Topic Overview

    A visit to the dentist can be a scary thing for children. The odors,the tools,the sounds,and the big person with the mask can all upset a child. When choosing a dentist for your child and preparing him or her for a visit,think about the following to make the visit as pleasant as possible. Choosing a dentist Pediatric dentists specialize in the care of infants',children's,and teenagers' ...

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Only 18.5% of Americans never floss. You are missing out on a simple way to make a big difference in the health of your mouth. Regardless of how well you brush, plaque still forms between your teeth and along your gums. Floss removes food trapped between the teeth and removes the film of bacteria that forms there before it turns to plaque, which can cause inflamed gums (gingivitis), cavities, and tooth loss. Try flossing just one tooth to get started.

You are one of 31% of Americans who don't floss daily. You are missing out on a simple way to make a big difference in the health of your mouth. Regardless of how well you brush, plaque still forms between your teeth and along your gums. Toothbrush bristles alone cannot clean effectively between these tight spaces. Flossing removes up to 80% of the film that hardens to plaque, which can cause inflamed gums (gingivitis), cavities, and tooth loss. Aim for 3 more days!

You are one of 31% of Americans who don't floss daily, but you're well on your way to making a positive impact on your teeth and gums. Regardless of how well you brush, plaque still forms between your teeth and along your gums. Toothbrush bristles alone cannot clean effectively between these tight spaces. Flossing removes up to 80% of the film that hardens to plaque, which can cause inflamed gums (gingivitis), cavities, and tooth loss. Aim for all 7 days!

Only 50.5% of Americans floss daily, and good for you that you are one of them! Regardless of how well you brush, plaque still forms between your teeth and along your gums. Toothbrush bristles alone cannot clean effectively between these tight spaces. Flossing removes up to 80% of the film that hardens to plaque, which can cause inflamed gums (gingivitis), cavities, and tooth loss. Congratulations on your good oral health habit!

SOURCES:

American Dental Association, Healthy People 2010

This tool is intended only for adults 18 and older.

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