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Osteoarthritis Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Osteoarthritis

  1. Scoliosis Screening - Topic Overview

    A doctor may test a young person for scoliosis during a routine physical exam. In schools, screening may be provided annually for students between the ages of 10 and 14 (grades 5 through 9). The exam takes about 30 seconds and may be done by a school nurse or physical education teacher.The examiner first views the child from behind, looking for uneven shoulders, hips, or waistline or for shoulder blades that stick out or are uneven.The child then bends forward from the waist, with the arms hanging down loosely and the palms touching (forward-bending test). The examiner looks for any unevenness, such as one side of the rib cage that is higher than the other. The examiner may also view the child from the side to detect a hump on the upper back (kyphosis).Also, the examiner may measure the angle of trunk rotation (ATR) with a device called a scoliometer. Some states require screening for scoliosis by law. But health experts don't agree with whether or not to screen for scoliosis.1, 2

  2. Scoliosis Surgery: Anterior Approach - Topic Overview

    The anterior approach for scoliosis surgery is done through an incision made in the front or, more commonly, the side of the body. The anterior approach may be used for middle or lower spinal curves.This technique is better for severe curves, including rigid curves in adults. But it has greater surgical risks than posterior surgery alone. Surgeons often use both the anterior and posterior approaches when they operate on a person who has scoliosis. Using this combination of techniques, surgeons can remove discs in the spine and graft bone into the spaces. This is done to help make the spine more correctable.Other techniques done with an anterior approach use large metal screws that are attached to each vertebra. Each screw has a large head with a hole for the passage of a rod that is tightened at each level. A brace or cast may be needed for about 6 months following surgery. This technique is not recommended for children younger than 10 years because of the small size of their

  3. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

    Handout on Health: Osteoarthritis

  4. Arthritis Resources

    WebMD provides a list of resources where you can get information and support for arthritis.

  5. Knee and Hip Replacement Surgery: Questions for Doctor

    If you're considering hip replacement or knee replacement surgery, here are some questions you should ask your doctor first.

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