The Risser sign helps measures the risk that a curve in the spine (scoliosis) will get worse, or progress. It measures how much mature bone has developed (ossification) in the upper rim of the pelvis (iliac crest). Values range from 0 (least ossification and greatest risk of progression) to 5 (complete ossification and least risk of progression). This is determined by an X-ray.
The cosmetic aspects of scoliosis and the braces used to treat it may greatly affect a child or teen.Teenagers may find wearing a brace devastating to their self-image. Most braces should be worn for 20 hours a day or more, usually for several years. It is very difficult to get teens to wear the brace for as many hours as their doctors recommend. They don't like how the braces look or feel. Also, wearing a brace may limit activities such as horseback riding, skiing, skating, and gymnastics. Other activities, though, such as biking, tennis, running, and jumping, are safe to do while the brace is worn. It is typically recommended that children be allowed to remove their braces to take part in physical education classes and other highly desired activities. This may encourage better use of the brace.Newer braces are designed to improve the chances they will be worn as recommended.
For moderate to severe pain from osteoarthritis,try applying heat and cold to the affected joints as appropriate. Experiment with these heat and cold techniques until you find what helps you most. Apply heat 2 or 3 times a day for 20 to 30 minutes,using a heating pad,hot shower,or hot pack. Heat seems to be effective for pain and stiffness related to inactivity of a joint. Try putting ...
Medicine can often help you to relieve the symptoms of osteoarthritis and allow you to continue daily activities. However, pain relief medication does not cure arthritis or decrease the rate of cartilage breakdown and should be used in conjunction with ho