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Osteoarthritis Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Osteoarthritis

  1. Osteoarthritis - Exams and Tests

    Doctors usually diagnose osteoarthritis by evaluating your symptoms and doing a physical exam. Sometimes your doctor will include other tests in the evaluation.

  2. Osteoarthritis - Other Treatment

    Learn about experimental medical therapies and complementary and alternative therapies that can relieve pain and improve joint function for people who have osteoarthritis.

  3. Osteoarthritis - When To Call a Doctor

    Many conditions can cause symptoms similar to osteoarthritis. In order to determine the cause of your symptoms, call your health professional if you experience: Sudden, unexplained swelling, warmth, or pain in any joint or joints. Joint pain associated wi

  4. Osteoarthritis - Surgery

    Osteoarthritis surgery is reserved for people with severe osteoarthritis who do not get pain relief from medication, home treatment, or other treatments and who have significant loss of cartilage. Get the facts.

  5. Osteoarthritis - Cause

    Osteoarthritis results from chemical changes in the cartilage that cause it to break down faster than it can be produced. In most cases, experts don't know the cause of this cartilage breakdown.

  6. Osteoarthritis - What Happens

    Osteoarthritis is a slow, progressive disease. Cartilage gradually breaks down until the bones, which were once separated by cartilage, begin to rub against each other.

  7. Your Guide to Joint Replacement for Osteoarthritis

    WebMD answers your questions about joint replacement surgery.

  8. Arthritis Pain Relief: Risks and Benefits

    Learn more from WebMD about the various medications, supplements, and alternative treatments available to relieve pain caused by osteoarthritis.

  9. Scoliosis Surgery: Posterior Approach - Topic Overview

    The posterior approach for scoliosis surgery is done from the back of the body. It involves making a long, straight incision into the back and moving aside the back muscles to reveal the spine.Rods, wires, hooks, or screws are attached to the spine in various ways. The spine is repositioned and held in place with these mechanisms while the new bone surface fuses. Bone grafts, often taken from the person's pelvic bone or ribs, are put in place to help the spinal bones fuse together in a permanent position over time.

  10. Scoliosis Surgery: Anterior Approach - Topic Overview

    The anterior approach for scoliosis surgery is done through an incision made in the front or, more commonly, the side of the body. The anterior approach may be used for middle or lower spinal curves.This technique is better for severe curves, including rigid curves in adults. But it has greater surgical risks than posterior surgery alone. Surgeons often use both the anterior and posterior approaches when they operate on a person who has scoliosis. Using this combination of techniques, surgeons can remove discs in the spine and graft bone into the spaces. This is done to help make the spine more correctable.Other techniques done with an anterior approach use large metal screws that are attached to each vertebra. Each screw has a large head with a hole for the passage of a rod that is tightened at each level. A brace or cast may be needed for about 6 months following surgery. This technique is not recommended for children younger than 10 years because of the small size of their

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