What is osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is a
progressive condition of the
joints. The cartilage breaks down until the bones,
which were once separated by cartilage, rub against each other, resulting in
damage to the tissue and underlying bone. The symptoms of osteoarthritis
include joint pain, stiffness after inactivity, and limited motion.
What surgeries may be considered to treat osteoarthritis?
Surgery is reserved for people with severe
osteoarthritis who do not get pain relief from medicine, home treatment, or
other methods and who have significant loss of cartilage. Surgery relieves
severe, disabling pain and may restore joint function and mobility. Surgical
which can provide temporary (and sometimes long-term) relief of symptoms of
osteoarthritis. Arthroscopy can also fix a joint if it becomes "locked" or
stuck due to loose
cartilage or bone fragments.
- Osteotomy, used in cases of abnormality or deformity
of the legs in active people younger than 60 with mild
- Knee replacement surgery, considered in
cases of knee pain associated with disability and damage that is visible on
surgery that joins (fuses) two bones in a diseased joint so that the joint can
no longer move. It is rarely used in the knees. But it may be a treatment
choice in cases of severe osteoarthritis in a young person who cannot have
total knee replacement.
What happens in knee replacement surgery?
knee replacement involves surgery to cap the ends of the damaged thighbone and
lower leg bone, and usually the kneecap, with artificial surfaces lined with
metal and plastic. Doctors usually use cement to secure knee joint components
to the bones.
What should I expect after knee replacement surgery?
Rehabilitation is usually intense after knee replacement surgery. Most
people who have knee replacement surgery start to walk with a walker or
crutches the day after surgery and begin physical therapy immediately. Your
doctor may recommend that you ride a stationary bicycle to strengthen your leg
muscles and improve your ability to bend your knee. Rehabilitation will take
several weeks. But you should be able to resume walking, climbing stairs,
sitting in and getting up from chairs, and other daily activities within a few
If you need more information, see the topic