Fracture Prevention: 6 Tips to Fight Fractures, Slips, and Falls
Learn how just a little effort and forethought today can help you prevent fractures tomorrow.
Fracture Prevention Tip: Exercise to Improve Balance and Strength continued...
Aside from improving your balance and strength, exercise also has a direct
impact on the strength of your bones. Bone is a living tissue. Like muscle, it
weakens if you don't exercise it. By staying fit, you can make your bones
stronger and less likely to break during a fall. Experts generally recommend a
combination of weight-bearing exercise (like walking), resistance exercise
(like lifting weights), and flexibility and balance exercises (like yoga or tai
However, a note of caution: always talk to your doctor before starting up an
exercise routine. High impact exercise, like jogging or tennis, may not be safe
for some people with osteoporosis, since the physical pounding could cause a
fracture. Even some seemingly benign exercises, like crunches, can be risky for
people with weak vertebrae, Amin tells WebMD.
Fracture Prevention Tip: Tread Carefully
If you have osteoporosis, you need to consider more than fashion when
choosing your shoes. Wearing the wrong sort of footwear can really increase
your risk of a fall.
But happily, you don't have to be stuck with "sensible shoes"
either. Just look for low-heeled shoes that offer good support and have rubber
soles rather than leather ones. While sneakers are fine, avoid ones with deep
treads that can trip you up.
Also, it's time to start wearing shoes inside the house too: walking around
in socks and slippers can increase your risk of slipping.
When you're walking outside, play it safe. Walk on the grass when it's been
raining or snowing, since you're more likely to slip on concrete. Always put
down salt or kitty litter on icy patches around your home.
If you have difficulty walking due to a medical condition such as arthritis
or another problem, make sure to use the assistive device recommended by your
doctor or physical therapist such as a cane or walker.
Fracture Prevention Tip: Know How Medicines Might Affect You
Unfortunately, as you get older, you're more likely to need daily
medications. And all medications have side effects, some of which can increase
your risk of having a fall. Medications that can cause dizziness or lack of
- Sedatives or sleeping pills
- Drugs that lower high blood pressure, which can sometimes cause
hypotension, blood pressure that is too low
- Anticonvulsants, which are used to treat epilepsy and some psychological
- Muscle relaxants, which may be used for back pain or other problems
- Some medicines for heart conditions
Other drugs, like some corticosteroids, are also associated with a higher
risk of osteoporosis and fractures. Just the number of medicines you take can
increase the danger. Studies have linked taking four or more prescription
medicines with a higher rate of falls, regardless of what the drugs are.