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Osteoporosis: Keeping Bones Strong

A lot of people think that osteoporosis and bone loss should simply be accepted as a normal part of getting older. But they’re wrong. You can prevent further bone loss by eating right, exercising more, and taking medications, if necessary. 

These steps will lead to stronger bones so you can prevent bone loss and the effects of osteoporosis.

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Can You Reverse Osteoporosis?

For many people, hearing "You have osteoporosis" is startling. Some hear it in the hospital after breaking a hip. Others get the news after getting a bone density test. Osteoporosis is most common in women after menopause, people with osteoporosis in their family, and people with a small frame. But others can also get it, raising their risk of bone fractures. Cutting that risk is crucial. About half of women and a quarter of men over age 50 will have an osteoporosis-related fracture, notes the...

Read the Can You Reverse Osteoporosis? article > >

For in depth information, see WebMD’s Osteoporosis: Are You At Risk?

Exercise and Osteoporosis

Exercise is important in both the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. If you’ve been diagnosed with osteoporosis, starting a regular exercise program may help prevent further bone loss. Lack of exercise is a major risk factor for bone loss. You can’t change your sex, age, or family history. You can change your exercise habits.

Along with keeping bones strong, exercise strengthens muscles, gives joints more support, and keeps your joints flexible and limber. If you’ve already had one fracture, exercise and activity may help to shorten the time of recovery and decrease the amount of pain you feel. But always talk to your health care provider before starting a new exercise program and following a fracture. 

Exercise can also keep you balanced and flexible. As people age, the risk of falls becomes greater, and falling is a key risk factor for fractures? But having good balance and being flexible can protect you against falling. It will also help if you go through your house and yard and make sure they’re "fall-proof."

For in depth information, see WebMD’s Fall Prevention Strategies.

Your Job and Bone Mass

Somewhere between ages 30 and 40, many of us become less active because our jobs are sedentary. As we pass 50, this tendency to be sedentary generally increases. This can be a big problem, especially if other risk factors for osteoporosis develop.

If you work at a sedentary job all day and find that exercise and physical activity are becoming a smaller part of your normal lifestyle, you can do something. Add periods of physical activity throughout your day to help keep bones strong.

How important is it to be physically active? Some interesting studies have shown that a marked decrease in physical activity, for example in people with prolonged bed rest, results in profound decline in bone mass. A prime example of what can happen can be found in the bone disorders of astronauts. Tests on astronauts who experience weightlessness show the necessity of weight bearing activity for keeping bones strong.

When Exercise Can Be Bad for Bones

Interestingly, mounting evidence shows that too much exercise can result in bone disorders. The hormonal imbalances that result from intense training can lead to decreased bone mass and low bone mass known as osteopenia. These imbalances can even lead to broken bones. This can be a problem for some young female athletes. Maintaining a balance of exercise and recovery is crucial to keeping osteoporosis at bay.

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