Hormone Replacement Therapy and the Risk of Osteoporosis
hormone replacement therapy (HRT) reduces a woman's
risk of developing
osteoporosis, especially among women who have
increased risk factors for osteoporosis. For more information, see the topic
After menopause, bones lose mass and density more
rapidly than before menopause. Postmenopausal women are more likely to
experience broken bones, such as hip fractures and compression fractures of the
spinal bones. Women who have osteoporosis lose height because of bone loss.1
Think your bones stopped growing by the time you finished high school? Think
again. Bones constantly remodel themselves throughout life, growing here,
In osteoporosis, though, normal bone remodeling goes awry. Bone loss exceeds
bone growth, and bones become thin and weak. Osteoporosis affects 10 million
Americans, leading to 1.5 million fractures every year.
Osteoporosis medications and physical activity can tip the balance of bone
remodeling, preserving bone strength. How...
Discuss your long-term risk of osteoporosis with your doctor. Other
medicines are available to prevent or treat osteoporosis related to
Speroff L, Fritz MA (2005). Menopause and the
perimenopausal transition. In Clinical Gynecologic Endocrinology and Infertility, 7th ed., pp. 621-688. Philadelphia:
Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
North American Menopause Society (2010). Estrogen and
progestogen use in postmenopausal women: 2010 position statement of the
North American Menopause Society. Menopause, 17(2):
242-255. Also available online: http://www.menopause.org/PSht10.pdf.
Primary Medical Reviewer
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Carla J. Herman, MD, MPH - Geriatric Medicine
May 4, 2010
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
May 04, 2010
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