Hormone Replacement Therapy and the Risk of Osteoporosis
hormone replacement therapy (HRT) reduces a woman's
risk of developing
osteoporosis, especially among women who have
increased risk factors for osteoporosis. For more information, see the topic
After menopause, bones lose mass and density more
rapidly than before menopause. Postmenopausal women are more likely to
experience broken bones, such as hip fractures and compression fractures of the
spinal bones. Women who have osteoporosis lose height because of bone loss.1
Weight loss and bone loss can sometimes go hand in hand.
Doctors know that women with anorexia, who severely restrict calories for a long time, are at increased risk for osteoporosis. The eating disorder interferes with hormones needed to maintain bone, not to mention the foods people need to build bone.
But what if you don’t have anorexia? What’s the relationship between osteoporosis and normal dieting? How do you know if you’re at risk for bone loss? What kind of dieting is safe for your bones?
Discuss your long-term risk of osteoporosis with your doctor. Other
medicines are available to prevent or treat osteoporosis related to
Speroff L, Fritz MA (2005). Menopause and the
perimenopausal transition. In Clinical Gynecologic Endocrinology and Infertility, 7th ed., pp. 621-688. Philadelphia:
Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
North American Menopause Society (2010). Estrogen and
progestogen use in postmenopausal women: 2010 position statement of the
North American Menopause Society. Menopause, 17(2):
242-255. Also available online: http://www.menopause.org/PSht10.pdf.
Primary Medical Reviewer
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Carla J. Herman, MD, MPH - Geriatric Medicine
May 4, 2010
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
May 04, 2010
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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