What is osteopenia?Osteopenia refers to bone mineral density (BMD) that is lower than normal peak BMD but not low enough to be classified as osteoporosis. Bone mineral density is a measurement of the level of minerals in the bones, which indicates how dense and strong they are. If your BMD is low compared to normal peak BMD, you are said to have osteopenia. Having osteopenia means there is a ...
What is Paget's disease? Paget's disease is a problem of abnormal bone growth. It may affect just one bone, but it usually affects more than one.In normal bone, the bone tissue is constantly being broken down, absorbed into the body, and then rebuilt with new cells. In Paget's disease, bone tissue is broken down and absorbed much faster than normal, so the body speeds up the bone rebuilding process. But this new bone is often weak and brittle, and it breaks easily.Paget's disease is most common in people older than 50, and the risk of getting it increases with age. Most people who have it are able to lead normal lives. What causes Paget's disease?The cause of Paget's disease is not clear. But it may be related to: Genetics. You're more likely to get Paget's disease if your parents, brothers, or sisters have it. Viruses. The viruses linked to measles in people and distemper in dogs have been found in the bones of people with Paget's disease. But there's no proof that these viruses
Learning about Paget's disease:What is Paget's disease?What are active and inactive Paget's disease?How is heart failure related to Paget's disease?What other health problems can be caused by Paget's disease?Being diagnosed:What questions will a doctor ask to diagnose Paget's disease?What happens during a physical exam for Paget's disease?How is a bone scan done?How is an alkaline phosphatase test done?Getting treatment:How do bisphosphonate medicines help with Paget's disease?How does calcitonin help with Paget's disease?How much calcium and vitamin D do I need?Living with Paget's disease:How can I manage the pain of Paget's disease?What is acupuncture, and how can it help with pain?What can I do to avoid falls?What should I know about using a cane?What should I know about using a walker?
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Osteoporosis: Should I Take Bisphosphonate Medicines?Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Healthy Eating: Taking Calcium and Vitamin D
In the early stages of osteoporosis, you usually do not have symptoms. As the disease progresses, you may develop symptoms related to weakened bones, including: Back pain. Loss of height and stooped posture. A curved upper back (dowager's hump).
The risk of osteoporosis increases with age as bones naturally become thinner. After age 30, the rate at which your bone dissolves and is absorbed by the body slowly increases, while the rate of bone building decreases.
Heart failure develops when the heart muscle is not able to pump enough blood to meet the body's need. Failure does not mean that the heart is not pumping. It means that it is not pumping as well as it should. Bones affected by Paget's disease contain extra blood vessels. When Paget's disease affects a large amount of bone tissue, the heart pumps faster and harder in order to supply blood to this extra bone, as well as to all tissues of the body. If the heart cannot pump enough blood, heart failure develops.This is a very rare complication of Paget's disease.