In the early stages of osteoporosis, you usually do not have symptoms. As the disease progresses, you may develop symptoms related to weakened bones, including: Back pain. Loss of height and stooped posture. A curved upper back (dowager's hump).
What is osteopenia?Osteopenia refers to bone mineral density (BMD) that is lower than normal peak BMD but not low enough to be classified as osteoporosis. Bone mineral density is a measurement of the level of minerals in the bones, which indicates how dense and strong they are. If your BMD is low compared to normal peak BMD, you are said to have osteopenia. Having osteopenia means there is a ...
Medications are used to both prevent and treat osteoporosis. Some medications slow the rate of bone loss or increase bone thickness. Even small amounts of new bone growth can reduce your risk of broken bones. If you take medication for osteoporosis, you w
A diagnosis of osteoporosis is based on your medical history, physical examination, and a test to measure your bone thickness (density). During a physical exam, your health professional will: Measure your height and compare the results with past measureme
A vitamin D test measures the amount of vitamin D in the blood. Your body needs vitamin D to absorb calcium. Calcium keeps your bones and muscles healthy and strong. If your muscles don't get enough calcium, they can cramp, hurt, or feel weak. You may have long-term (chronic) muscle aches and pains. If you don't get enough vitamin D throughout life, you are more likely to have thin and brittle bones (osteoporosis) in your later years. Children who don't get enough vitamin D may not grow as much as others their age. They also have a chance of getting a rare disease called rickets. Your body uses sunshine to make its own vitamin D. Vitamin D is found in foods such as egg yolks, liver, and saltwater fish. It is added to many food products, such as milk and cereals. You can also get it as supplements, often combined with calcium. Many people can get the amount of vitamin D needed each day through food and sunlight. The vitamin D test is also called the 25-hydroxy vitamin D, or 25(OH)D,
The process of bone thinning (osteoporosis) is a natural part of aging. However, if you receive treatment early, you may be able to stop or slow the progress of bone loss. Treatment is important to:10Prevent broken bones.Maintain or increase your bone thi