Next Slideshow Title
IMAGES PROVIDED BY:
1) Scott Camazine/Phototake, Alan Boyde/Visuals Unlimited
2) Alfred Pasieka/Photo Researchers Inc
3) Du Cane Medical Imaging Ltd. / Photo Researchers, Inc.
4) Hans-Ulrich Osterwalder / Photo Researchers, Inc
5) Three Images/Stone
6) Digital Vision
7) Bambu Productions/Iconica
8) Brick House Pictures/Iconica
9) Olivier Voisin / Photo Researchers, Inc.
10) VOISIN/PHAINE/Photo Researchers
15) Leigh Beisch/FoodPix
18) Steve Cohen/FoodPix
19) Digital Vision
20) Macduff Everton/Stone
21) Airelle-Joubert / Photo Researchers, Inc.
22) Reggie Casagrande/Workbook Stock
23) Paul Bradbury/OJO Images
25) Tim Platt/Iconica
26) Peter Dazeley/Photographer's Choice
Bell, N.H. The Journal of Clinical Investigation, April 2003.
Ethel S. Siris, MD, director, Toni Stabile Osteoporosis Center, Columbia University Medical Center, New York.
Gerard Karsenty, MD, PhD, chairman, department of genetics and development, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York.
Institute of Medicine web site.
International Osteoporosis Foundation.
McIlwain, H. and Bruce, D. Reversing Osteopenia: The Definitive Guide to Recognizing and Treatment Early Bone Loss in Women of All Ages, Henry Holt, 2004.
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.
National Institutes of Health.
National Osteoporosis Foundation.
News release, Amgen.
News release, Columbia University.
News release, FDA.
National Institutes of Health's Office of Dietary Supplements web site.
Office of the Surgeon General web site.
Robert R. Recker, MD, MACP, FACE, professor of medicine and director, Osteoporosis Research Center, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, Neb.
Yadav, V.K., Nature Medicine, published online Feb. 7, 2010.
Reviewed by Nivin Todd, MD on March 03, 2016
This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
View our slideshows to learn more about your health.