Women who are at high risk for ovarian cancer due to a family history of the disease may consider having their ovaries removed before cancer develops -- called a prophylactic oophorectomy. This procedure usually, but not always, protects women from developing ovarian cancer. The risks associated with this surgery and its side effects should be carefully considered. A woman should discuss the possible benefits and risks with her doctor based on her unique situation.
Having one or more of the risk factors mentioned here does not mean that a woman is sure to develop ovarian cancer, but the chance may be higher than average.