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Ovarian Cancer Health Center

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Chemotherapy is used to shrink ovarian cancer and slow cancer growth. Chemotherapy is recommended for most women after the initial surgery for ovarian cancer. But sometimes chemotherapy is given to shrink the cancer before surgery. The number of cycles of treatment will depend on the stage of your disease.

Chemotherapy medicines for ovarian cancer may be taken by mouth, injected into a vein (IV), or given through a thin tube into the body (intraperitoneal, or IP). Sometimes treatments may be combined to give women both IV and IP chemotherapy.

Recommended Related to Ovarian Cancer

Understanding Ovarian Cancer -- Prevention

Depending on your stage of life and risk for ovarian cancer, you should discuss with your doctor the pros and cons of using birth control pills. Low-dose birth control pills are considered protective. If you have completed your family, consider a tubal ligation, which has been reported to lower risk of ovarian cancer. Some studies suggest that women who take hormone replacement therapy after menopause may have an increased risk of ovarian cancer. If you are at high risk for ovarian cancer, ask your...

Read the Understanding Ovarian Cancer -- Prevention article > >

Medicine choices

Some of the chemotherapy medicines used for ovarian cancer include:

Other medicines that may be used include:

Treatment of ovarian cancer with chemotherapy can cause nausea and vomiting. To help relieve nausea, your doctor will prescribe medicines you can take with your treatments and when you get home.

What to think about

Having both IV and IP chemotherapy often causes more serious side effects than having only IV or IP treatment. Side effects include belly pain, nerve pain (neuropathy), and kidney or liver problems. Your medical team will watch you closely. If your doctor has given you instructions or medicines to treat your symptoms, be sure to follow them.

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: November 14, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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