The choice of treatment and the
long-term outcome (prognosis) for women who have
ovarian cancer depends on the type and
stage of cancer. Your age, overall health, quality of
life, and desire to have children must also be
Has my ovarian cancer spread?
Do I have to have both of my ovaries removed? If so, will I have hot flashes?
How confident are you that all of the cancer has been removed?
Which chemotherapy drugs do you recommend? Do I have any other treatment options?
How long will I have to undergo chemotherapy?
What side effects should I look for? Are there ways to minimize these side effects?
Will I need any additional surgery?
Should I be tested for the BRCA-1 BRCA-2 mutations? What...
Surgery to find out if you have cancer and to treat it. This may include taking
biopsies to check for the spread of cancer.
Chemotherapy, which uses medicines to kill cancer
cells. It is recommended after surgery for most stages of ovarian cancer.
Women with more advanced ovarian cancer may have part of their chemotherapy before surgery and the rest of it after surgery. This can make the surgery safer for these women.
Radiation therapy may be used to destroy cancer cells using high-dose X-rays or other high-energy rays. For more information, see Other Treatment.
Additional information about ovarian cancer is provided by the National Cancer Institute at www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/ovarian.
Side effects of treatment
Most treatments for ovarian
cancer cause side effects. They may differ, depending on the type of
treatment and your age and overall health.
Side effects of surgery depend on the extent of your
surgery. If the doctor removes your ovaries, you will no longer be able to bear children. And if you were still menstruating before your surgery, you will start
Home treatment may help you manage the side
Advanced-stage ovarian cancer
advanced-stage ovarian cancer involves removing as much of the cancer as
possible. The uterus, the tissue lining the abdominal wall (omentum),
and any areas of visible cancer are removed. This may include surgery on the
intestines, urinary system, or spleen, or scraping of the diaphragm to remove
all the cancer. The long-term outcome is better if no cancer cells