The choice of treatment and the long-term outcome (prognosis) for women who have ovarian cancer depends on the type and stage of cancer. Your age, overall health, quality of life, and desire to have children must also be considered.
Has my ovarian cancer spread?
Do I have to have both of my ovaries removed? If so, will I have hot flashes?
How confident are you that all of the cancer has been removed?
Which chemotherapy drugs do you recommend? Do I have any other treatment options?
How long will I have to undergo chemotherapy?
What side effects should I look for? Are there ways to minimize these side effects?
Will I need any additional surgery?
Should I be tested for the BRCA-1 BRCA-2 mutations? What...
Side effects of surgery depend on the extent of your surgery. If the doctor removes your ovaries, you will no longer be able to bear children. And if you were still menstruating before your surgery, you will start menopause.
Radiation treatment also can cause side effects. For more information, see Other Treatment.
Home treatment may help you manage the side effects.
Advanced-stage ovarian cancer
Surgery in advanced-stage ovarian cancer involves removing as much of the cancer as possible. The uterus, the tissue lining the abdominal wall (omentum), and any areas of visible cancer are removed. This may include surgery on the intestines, urinary system, or spleen, or scraping of the diaphragm to remove all the cancer. The long-term outcome is better if no cancer cells remain.