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Ovarian Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Ovarian Cancer

  1. Changes to This Summary (01 / 04 / 2013)

    The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above. Editorial changes were made to this summary.

  2. Ovarian Cancer Prevention

    The ovary is a female reproductive organ located in the pelvis. Its function is to produce female hormones and to store eggs that,if fertilized by sperm,can develop into a baby. Women have two ovaries,one on each side of the uterus. Tumors found in the ovaries may be noncancerous tissue growths (cysts) or cancerous growths that may spread to other parts of the body. Significance of ovarian ...

  3. Stage Information for Ovarian Epithelial Cancer

    Note: The American Joint Committee on Cancer has recently published a new edition of the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual,which includes revisions to the staging for this disease. The PDQ Adult Treatment Editorial Board,which is responsible for maintaining this summary,is currently reviewing the new staging to determine the changes that need to be made in the summary. In addition to updating this ...

  4. Description of the Evidence

    BackgroundIncidence and mortalityOvarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States and has the highest mortality rate of all gynecologic cancers.[1] It is estimated that 22,240 new cases of ovarian cancer will be diagnosed in the United States in 2013, and 14,030 women will die of this disease.[1] The median age at diagnosis is 63 years.[2] The prognosis for survival from ovarian cancer largely depends on the extent of disease at diagnosis. The overall 5-year survival rate for ovarian cancer is lower than 50%. Only about 15% of women present with localized disease at diagnosis.[1,2]From 2005 to 2009, incidence rates decreased by 0.9% per year, and mortality rates decreased by 2.0% per year.[1]Ovarian cancer is rare; the lifetime risk of being diagnosed with ovarian cancer is 1.38%.[2]Types of Ovarian CancerThe term ovarian cancer encompasses a heterogeneous group of malignant tumors of ovarian origin that may arise from

  5. Get More Information From NCI

    National Cancer Institute for more cancer information.

  6. Cellular Classification of Ovarian Epithelial Cancer

    The following is a list of ovarian epithelial cancer histologic classifications. Serous cystomas: Serous benign cystadenomas. Serous cystadenomas with proliferating activity of the epithelial cells and nuclear abnormalities but with no infiltrative destructive growth (low potential or borderline malignancy). Serous cystadenocarcinomas. Mucinous cystomas: Mucinous benign cystadenomas. ...

  7. Stages of Ovarian Low Malignant Potential Tumors

    After ovarian low malignant potential tumor has been diagnosed,tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the ovary or to other parts of the body. The process used to find out whether cancer has spread within the ovary or to other parts of the body is called staging. The information gathered from the staging process determines the stage of the disease. It is important to ...

  8. Stage IV Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

    Dysgerminomas STANDARD TREATMENT OPTIONS: For patients with stage IV dysgerminoma,total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is recommended with removal of as much gross tumor in the abdomen and pelvis as can be done safely without resection of portions of the urinary tract or large segments of small or large bowel,although unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy should be ...

  9. Changes to This Summary (03 / 07 / 2013)

    The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.This summary was comprehensively reviewed and extensively revised.This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Screening and Prevention Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About This PDQ Summary and PDQ NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database pages.

  10. Get More Information From NCI

    This PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive, peer-reviewed, evidence-based information about Ovarian Epithelial Cancer treatment.

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