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Ovarian Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Ovarian Cancer

  1. General Information About Ovarian Cancer

    Ovarian cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the ovaries. The ovaries are a pair of organs in the female reproductive system. They are located in the pelvis,one on each side of the uterus (the hollow,pear-shaped organ where a fetus grows). Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond. The ovaries produce eggs and female hormones (chemicals that ..

  2. Evidence of Benefit

    Pathogenesis The pathogenesis of ovarian carcinoma remains unclear. Several theories have been proposed to explain the epidemiology of ovarian cancer including the theory of "incessant ovulation",[ 1,2 ] gonadotropin stimulation,[ 3 ] excess androgenic stimulation,[ 4 ] and inflammation.[ 5 ] Associated risk factors for ovarian cancer support some or all of these hypotheses. For example,oral ...

  3. Changes to This Summary (03 / 20 / 2013)

    The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.Editorial changes were made to this summary.

  4. Treatment Option Overview

    There are different types of treatment for patients with ovarian low malignant potential tumor. Different types of treatment are available for patients with ovarian low malignant potential tumor. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment),and some are being tested in clinical trials. Before starting treatment,patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. ..

  5. Recurrent Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

    Recurrent ovarian germ cell tumor is cancer that has recurred (come back) after it has been treated. The cancer may come back in the other ovary or in other parts of the body. ...

  6. Recurrent or Persistent Ovarian Epithelial Cancer

    Recurrent ovarian epithelial cancer is cancer that has recurred (come back) after it has been treated.

  7. Changes to This Summary (08 / 17 / 2012)

    The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.Editorial changes were made to this summary.

  8. About PDQ

    PDQ IS A COMPREHENSIVE CANCER DATABASE AVAILABLE ON NCI'S WEB SITE. PDQ is the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) comprehensive cancer information database. Most of the information contained in PDQ is available online at NCI's Web site. PDQ is provided as a service of the NCI. The NCI is part of the National Institutes of Health,the federal government's focal point for biomedical research. .

  9. Treatment Option Overview

    All patients except those with stage I,grade I immature teratoma and stage IA dysgerminoma require postoperative chemotherapy. With platinum-based combination chemotherapy,the prognosis for patients with endodermal sinus tumors,immature teratomas,embryonal carcinomas,choriocarcinomas,and mixed tumors containing 1 or more of these elements has improved dramatically.[ 1 ] As new and more ...

  10. Questions or Comments About This Summary

    If you have questions or comments about this summary,please send them to Cancer.gov through the Web site’s Contact Form. We can respond only to email messages written in English. ...

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