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Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Cellular Classification of Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

The following histologic subtypes have been described.[1,2]

  • Dysgerminoma.
  • Other germ cell tumors:
    • Endodermal sinus tumor (rare subtypes are hepatoid and intestinal).[1]
    • Embryonal carcinoma.
    • Polyembryoma.
    • Choriocarcinoma.
    • Teratoma:
      • Immature.
      • Mature:
        • Solid.
        • Cystic:
          • Dermoid cyst (mature cystic teratoma).
          • Dermoid cyst with malignant transformation.
      • Monodermal and highly specialized:
        • Struma ovarii.
        • Carcinoid.
        • Struma ovarii and carcinoid.
        • Others (e.g., malignant neuroectodermal and ependymoma).
    • Mixed forms.


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Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Treatment Options for Stages I and II Complete surgical resection of primary tumor followed by chemotherapy.In a randomized trial, seven of eight patients with stage I hepatocellular carcinoma survived disease free after adjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy.[1] In a survey of childhood liver tumors treated prior to the consistent use of chemotherapy, only 12 of 33 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who had complete excision of the tumor survived.[2] This suggests that adjuvant chemotherapy...

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  1. Gershenson DM: Update on malignant ovarian germ cell tumors. Cancer 71 (4 Suppl): 1581-90, 1993.
  2. Serov SF, Scully RE, Robin IH: International Histologic Classification of Tumours: No. 9. Histological Typing of Ovarian Tumours. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1973.

WebMD Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

Last Updated: February 25, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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