Most people start a disease modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD), such as methotrexate, soon after RA diagnosis. If you're still adjusting to a DMARD or want to better understand how it slows joint damage, take a few days to learn more.
Conditions: Rheumatoid arthritis
Symptoms: loss of appetite, fatigue, feeling sick, symptoms worse in A.M., weakness, fever, lumps under skin, reduced joint movement, stiffness, stiffness after rest, anxiety, depression, deformed joint, stiff joint, swo...
"A decade or two ago, when people had an arthritis flare-up, we treated them with aspirin and told them not to get out of bed until it got better. Now we know it's much better for people to remain as active as they can,” says Kim Huffman, MD, PhD, an expert in muscles, activity, and arthritis at the Duke University Medical Center.
How does it help? You can look for these six benefits:
Less pain and swelling. "When you exercise, you release feel-good chemicals called endorphins, which are like natural pain relievers," says A. Lynn Millar, PhD, chair of the department of physical therapy at Winston-Salem State University.
Easier movement. "As people become stronger and more flexible, they're better able to do things like get up the stairs, walk around the grocery store, and function normally," Millar says.
Better blood flow. When you move and bend a joint, blood flows to that area bringing nutrients needed for strong bones and cartilage and sweeping out chemicals that cause inflammation.
If you avoid using a joint, on the other hand, it can become even more stiff or damaged.
More joint support. Exercise strengthens the muscles and tendons around your joints so they can support you better.
These benefits add up. In one study, people with hip arthritis who did strength training and stretching twice a week were 44% less likely to need hip replacement surgery six years later compared to those who were not routinely active.
Help with your weight. "Being overweight is hard on your joints," Millar says. Regular exercise is part of reaching and keeping your weight in a healthy range.
Whole-body benefits. Your heart, lungs, bones, brain -- every part of you craves activity. Many people with arthritis are also at risk for heart disease and other health conditions, so it’s extra important to work on your fitness.
Once you take the first step, you may be surprised how good it feels.