Prescription Painkiller Addiction: 7 Myths
Experts Debunk Myths About Prescription Pain Medication Addiction
5. Myth: All that matters is easing my pain.
Reality: Pain relief is key, but it's not the only goal.
"We're focusing on functional restoration when we prescribe analgesics or
any intervention to control the patient's pain," says Gharibo.
He explains that functional restoration means "being autonomous, being able
to attend to their activities of daily living, as well as forming friendships
and an appropriate social environment."
In other words, pain relief isn't enough.
"If there is pain reduction without improved function, that may not be
sufficient to continue opioid pharmacotherapy," says Gharibo. "If we're faced
with a situation where we continue to increase the doses and we're not getting
any functional improvement, we're not just going to go up and up on the dose.
We're going to change the plan."
6. Myth: I'm a strong person. I won't get addicted.
Reality: Addiction isn't about willpower, and it's not a moral failure. It's
a chronic disease, and some people are genetically more vulnerable than others,
"The main risk factor for addiction is genetic predisposition," Seppala
agrees. "Do you have a family history of alcohol or addiction? Or do you have a
history yourself and now you're in recovery from that? That genetic history
would potentially place you at higher risk of addiction for any substance, and
in particular, you should be careful using the opioids for any length of
Seppala says prescription painkiller abuse was "rare" when his career began,
but is now second only to marijuana in terms of illicit use.
Exactly how many people are addicted to prescription painkillers isn't
clear. But 1.7 million people age 12 and older in the U.S. abused or were
addicted to pain relievers in 2007, according to government data.
And in a 2007 government survey, about 57% of people who reported taking
pain relievers for "nonmedical" uses in the previous month said they'd gotten
pain pills for free from someone they knew; only 18% said they'd gotten it from
Don't share prescription pain pills and don't leave them somewhere that
people could help themselves. "These are not something that you should hand out
to your friends or relatives or leave around so that people can take a few from
you without your even noticing it," says Weiss.