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Medical Reference Related to Pain Management

  1. Sickle Cell Disease: Pain Management - Topic Overview

    Sickle cell disease pain varies from mild to severe and can be difficult to treat. When developing a pain treatment plan with your doctor and/or pain treatment specialist,consider the following: Treat mild pain with over-the-counter ibuprofen and/or acetaminophen,by mouth (orally). Do not give aspirin to children and teens younger than age 20,because it can cause Reye syndrome. Treat mild ...

  2. Pain Management - Side Effects of Pain Medicines

    WebMD explains some of the different common side effects of pain medicine.

  3. Sickle Cell Disorders - Topic Overview

    Some people inherit one sickle cell gene and one other defective hemoglobin gene,resulting in various types of sickling disorders. These disorders range from mild to severe. Sickle cell disease (hemoglobin SS disease) occurs when both genes produce hemoglobin S. This person typically has symptoms of anemia,mild to life-threatening complications,and a shortened life span. Sickle ...

  4. Safe Use of Long-Acting Opiates - Topic Overview

    Long-acting opiate pain relievers are medicines used to relieve moderate to severe long-term pain. They are also called extended-release opiates. Opiates relieve pain by changing the way your body feels pain. They don't cure a health problem, but they help you manage the pain.If you take a lot of short-acting medicine, your doctor may give you long-acting opiates. Long-acting opiates help you avoid the ups and downs in pain relief that you may have with short-acting medicine.Opiates are powerful medicines. When taken on schedule and as your doctor prescribes, they work well and are safe. But misuse can cause overdose, dependency, addiction, or death.Examples of long-acting opiatesFentanyl patch (Duragesic)Methadone (Dolophine)Morphine ER (Avinza)Oxycodone controlled-release (OxyContin)Safety tips when using long-acting opiatesTo avoid taking too much (overdose) of these medicines:Take your medicines exactly as prescribed. Do not take extra doses. Even one extra dose can be dangerous.

  5. Chronic Pain - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition.  Chronic Pain: Using Healthy Thinking

  6. Chronic Pain - Surgery

    Surgery is not often used to treat chronic pain. The decision to have surgery depends on your condition and the cause of your pain. Surgery is usually considered only after other treatments have failed, or if it is considered medically necessary.

  7. Chronic Pain - Symptoms

    The symptoms of chronic pain include: Mild to severe pain that does not go away as expected after an illness or injury. Pain that may be described as shooting, burning, aching, or electrical. Discomfort, soreness, tightness, or stiffness.

  8. Complex Regional Pain Syndrome - Topic Overview

    What is complex regional pain syndrome?Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a term used to describe a group of painful conditions. Examples of earlier names for these conditions include reflex sympathetic dystrophy, causalgia, and Sudeck's atrophy. Pain is the main symptom of CRPS. Most people have severe pain in an arm or a leg. Usually the pain is in a part of your body where you had surgery or an injury. The pain is usually constant and either shooting, sharp, or burning. The pain is much worse and it lasts much longer than you would expect for the kind of injury you had. Some people may not have had an injury or surgery before the pain started, but most people have.Women in their mid-30s are more likely to get CRPS, but it can happen to anyone at any age.What causes CRPS?The cause of CRPS is not well understood. CRPS is a reaction the body has after an injury, and the reaction is more severe than would be expected. This reaction happens in the limb (arm or leg, usually)

  9. Sickle Cell Disease: Splenic Sequestration - Topic Overview

    What is splenic sequestration?Splenic sequestration is a problem with the spleen that can happen in people who have sickle cell disease. Splenic sequestration happens when a lot of sickled red blood cells become trapped in the spleen. The spleen can enlarge, get damaged, and not work as it should. When the spleen doesn't work well, a person is more likely to have serious, life-threatening infections with certain types of bacteria.If splenic sequestration happens suddenly, it can be a life-threatening emergency.Who is affected by it?This condition is more common in infants and young children who have sickle cell disease. It may follow a respiratory infection. In older children and adults, the spleen often does not work because of years of damage from sickled cells.What are the symptoms?Splenic sequestration causes sudden and severe anemia, with symptoms of sudden weakness, pale lips, rapid breathing, excessive thirst, belly pain, and rapid heartbeat. If you have a baby or young child

  10. Chronic Pain - Exams and Tests

    Many exams and tests are used to evaluate chronic pain. An initial assessment includes: A detailed medical history. Your health professional will ask you about your general medical history, past illnesses, and overall health. He or she will ask you questi

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