Manual Therapy for Neck Pain - Topic Overview
Manual therapy includes: Massage,which applies pressure to the soft tissues of the body,such as the muscles. Mobilization,which uses slow,measured movements to twist,pull,or push bones and joints. Manipulation,which uses rapid,forceful movements to move the bones and joints. Chiropractors,osteopaths,massage therapists,and physical therapists sometimes use manual treatment. Manual ...
Surgery Options for Patellar Tracking Disorder - Topic Overview
One cause of patellar tracking disorder is a tight lateral retinaculum,a ligament complex that anchors the outer edge of the patella. See a picture of the ligaments of the knee. If your patella is being pulled to the side by a tight lateral retinaculum,a surgeon may recommend a lateral release. This procedure,often done by arthroscopic surgery,cuts the lateral retinaculum. Most people ...
Osteotomy for Patellar Tracking Disorder - Topic Overview
An osteotomy is a surgery that involves cutting the bone. When a patellar tracking disorder is caused by a structural or alignment problem,an osteotomy can be an effective treatment option. See an illustration of the knee. A tibial tubercle osteotomy moves and reinserts the patellar tendon into the shinbone (tibia). This procedure is commonly performed for one or a combination of conditions ...
Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (MPFL) Repair - Topic Overview
The medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) attaches to the inner edge of the patella to help keep the patella from slipping toward the outer side of the knee. A damaged MPFL can be repaired arthroscopically. Surgical repair of this ligament may be appropriate if it is: Torn by injury to the knee. Stretched and damaged by patellar dislocation. In more than 8 out of 10 people,repairing the MPFL ...
Chronic Pain - Surgery
Surgery is not often used to treat chronic pain. The decision to have surgery depends on your condition and the cause of your pain. Surgery is usually considered only after other treatments have failed, or if it is considered medically necessary.
Phantom Limb Pain and Chronic Pain - Topic Overview
Phantom limb pain is pain that is felt in the area where an arm or leg has been amputated. Although the limb is gone,the nerve endings at the site of the amputation continue to send pain signals to the brain that make the brain think the limb is still there. Phantom limb pain can be mild to agonizing and even disabling for some,and it may lead to a lifelong battle with chronic pain. Women ...
Chronic Pain - Prevention
Chronic pain cannot always be prevented. Maintaining good physical and mental health may be the best way to prevent chronic pain or help you cope with the constant pain. It is important to get enough sleep every night.
Chronic Pain - Other Treatment
Learn about other treatments to reduce chronic pain.
Chronic Pain Syndrome - Topic Overview
In some people with long-lasting pain,biochemical changes are triggered in the body,causing a different type of chronic pain (neuropathic pain) that doctors currently find difficult to diagnose and treat. Pain signals are somehow triggered by the nervous system and continue to fire for months or even years. (It is also possible that certain brain chemicals that suppress pain do not work ...
Chronic Pain - Treatment Overview
Treating chronic pain can be challenging. Often the reason for the pain is not clear, and it may take several types or combinations of treatments before you find relief.