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Knee Pain Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Pain Management

  1. Chronic Pain - What Happens

    In some cases, chronic pain develops after an injury or illness. The pain continues even after you have recovered from the injury or illness. For example, many people who have had a limb amputated report feeling chronic pain in the missing limb.

  2. Sickle Cell Disorders - Topic Overview

    Some people inherit one sickle cell gene and one other defective hemoglobin gene,resulting in various types of sickling disorders. These disorders range from mild to severe. Sickle cell disease (hemoglobin SS disease) occurs when both genes produce hemoglobin S. This person typically has symptoms of anemia,mild to life-threatening complications,and a shortened life span. Sickle ...

  3. Sickle Cell Disease: Pain Management - Topic Overview

    Sickle cell disease pain varies from mild to severe and can be difficult to treat. When developing a pain treatment plan with your doctor and/or pain treatment specialist,consider the following: Treat mild pain with over-the-counter ibuprofen and/or acetaminophen,by mouth (orally). Do not give aspirin to children and teens younger than age 20,because it can cause Reye syndrome. Treat mild ...

  4. Chronic Pain: Using Healthy Thinking

    Living with pain can be hard, especially if it's long-term—or chronic—pain. Chronic pain is pain that lasts for 3 months or longer. It can make you sleep poorly, feel tired and irritable, and have a hard time being active or working. It may strain your relationships with loved ones too, making it hard to be the kind of friend, parent, or partner you want to be. You may feel stressed or get depressed or anxious. And these feelings may make your pain worse, because they can make it harder to manage your pain.Learning how to control your pain can help with all of these things. In most cases, chronic pain can be managed so that you can get on with your life and do your daily activities. One way you can help manage and cope with your pain is through healthy thinking. Your thoughts are something you can control. You can learn techniques to make your thoughts more helpful and encouraging.Cognitive-behavioral therapy, also called CBT, is a way to help you stay well and cope with pain by

  5. Bodywork and Manual Therapy - Topic Overview

    What are bodywork and manual therapy?Bodywork and manual therapy are general terms that refer to body manipulation therapies used for relaxation and pain relief. Massage and chiropractic are well - known forms of bodywork.The idea behind bodywork is that people learn-or are forced by injury or stress into-unnatural ways of moving or holding their bodies. This unnatural movement or posture changes

  6. Pain Management - Frequently Asked Questions

    Learning about pain: What are the different types of pain? What is chronic pain? Getting treatment: How is pain treated? What medicines can I take? What are the side effects of medicines? Should I use complementary medicine? How do I control cancer pain? Living with pain: How do I know if my pain is worse? When should I call my doctor? Where can I find support? ...

  7. Safe Use of Long-Acting Opiates - Topic Overview

    Long-acting opiate pain relievers are medicines used to relieve moderate to severe long-term pain. They are also called extended-release opiates. Opiates relieve pain by changing the way your body feels pain. They don't cure a health problem, but they help you manage the pain.If you take a lot of short-acting medicine, your doctor may give you long-acting opiates. Long-acting opiates help you avoid the ups and downs in pain relief that you may have with short-acting medicine.Opiates are powerful medicines. When taken on schedule and as your doctor prescribes, they work well and are safe. But misuse can cause overdose, dependency, addiction, or death.Examples of long-acting opiatesFentanyl patch (Duragesic)Methadone (Dolophine)Morphine ER (Avinza)Oxycodone controlled-release (OxyContin)Safety tips when using long-acting opiatesTo avoid taking too much (overdose) of these medicines:Take your medicines exactly as prescribed. Do not take extra doses. Even one extra dose can be dangerous.

  8. Pain Management - Side Effects of Pain Medicines

    WebMD explains some of the different common side effects of pain medicine.

  9. Sickle Cell Crisis - Topic Overview

    What is a sickle cell crisis?A sickle cell crisis is a painful episode that may begin suddenly in a person who has sickle cell disease.A sickle cell crisis occurs when sickle-shaped red blood cells clump together and block small blood vessels that carry blood to certain organs, muscles, and bones. This causes mild to severe pain. The pain can last from hours to days. Painful event and painful crisis are other terms used to describe these episodes. Some people who have sickle cell disease have many painful events, while others have few or none. The pain can happen in any part of the body. But the most common areas include the:Bones of the spine.Bones in the arms and legs.Chest.Abdomen.How is it treated?Treatment depends on the level of pain and how long it lasts. Sometimes, nonprescription, or over-the-counter, pain relievers such as ibuprofen can help. Other times, a person needs stronger pain relief medicine that is prescribed or given by a doctor. Some painful episodes may need IV

  10. Chronic Pain - Medications

    Medications can often help control chronic pain. Many different drugs, both prescription and nonprescription, are used to treat chronic pain. All these medications can cause side effects and should be taken exactly as they are prescribed. In some cases, i

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