Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) with no cause is defined as at least 3 separate episodes of abdominal pain that occur in a 3-month period. These episodes are often severe, and the child is not able to do his or her normal activities. It may affect up to 30% of children between the ages of 4 and 12.
Symptoms of RAP are different for every child and may change with each episode. Symptoms may include:
Describing your symptoms and medical history, along with the results of a physical exam, are usually enough to diagnose a case of cirrhosis.
Once the diagnosis has been made, your doctor may order one or more liver function tests, which will use blood samples to identify specific liver diseases and assess the organ's overall health.
It may be helpful to perform a CT scan or ultrasound to further evaluate the extent of liver disease. The doctor may also require a liver biopsy, or tissue sample,...
A physical cause is found in less than 10% of children diagnosed with RAP. The physical exam and routine tests often do not show any abnormal problems. As with chronic conditions, RAP may get worse with stress, anger, or excitement.
A child with RAP should eat regular meals, not skip any meals, and not overeat at any one meal. Different foods, such as spicy foods or dairy foods, may trigger an episode in some children. Your child should not eat any foods that cause abdominal pain.
It is important to keep your child doing normal activities as much as possible so that he or she can cope with the symptoms of RAP. Many children are able to keep their pain under control if they remember it is "just their usual bellyache" when the pain starts. Be sure that your child has regular meal and snack times as well as a regular bedtime so he or she gets enough sleep.
About one-third of children with RAP feel better when they recognize their symptoms and how to deal with them. Another third of children will feel better but may have other ongoing problems with their intestines or stomach. Another third will have ongoing episodes of RAP.
Having RAP does not increase the chance of the child having an ulcer or other intestinal problem as an adult. But any child complaining of ongoing abdominal pain should be evaluated by a doctor.
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WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
November 14, 2014
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