Infant Gas: How to Prevent and Treat It

Babies can be pretty gassy. It’s common for them to pass gas 13-21 times each day! Why so much? Infants have plenty of chances to swallow air, like when they:

  • Eat, whether food comes from a breast or bottle
  • Suck a pacifier
  • Cry

When air gets trapped in your baby’s belly, you may notice that she:

  • Burps
  • Gets fussy
  • Is bloated
  • Cries
  • Farts
  • Has a hard tummy

Sometimes, gassy babies might seem like they’re seriously uncomfortable or in pain. How can you know if there’s another problem?

"If your baby is generally happy and only fusses for a few seconds while passing gas, that’s a sign that it’s normal," says pediatrician Jennifer Shu, MD. "Even if they turn red and make noise, it doesn’t mean that it bothers them. If they’re happy in between episodes and not too distressed during them, there’s probably nothing wrong."

Know that as your baby’s digestive tract grows, the gas will become less of a problem for both of you.

How to Help Your Baby Feel Better

Try these steps to prevent and ease the pain of gas:

Check feeding position. "When you’re nursing or bottle-feeding, try to keep the baby’s head higher than her stomach," Shu says. "That way, the milk sinks to the bottom of the stomach and air goes to the top, and it’s easier to burp out." Tip the bottle up slightly so there are no air bubbles in the nipple, and use a nursing pillow for support.

Burp your baby. One of the easiest ways to ease gas pains is to burp her during and after she nurses. If she doesn’t belch right away, lay her down on her back for a few minutes and then try again.

Change equipment. "If you’re bottle-feeding, switch to a slower-flow nipple," says Joel Lavine, MD, PhD, professor of pediatrics at Columbia University.

Work it out. Gently massage your baby, pump her legs back and forth (like riding a bike) while she’s on her back, or give her tummy time (watch her while she lies on her stomach). A warm bath can also help her get rid of extra gas.

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Take a closer look at foods. Talk with your baby's doctor about foods that may give her extra gas. "Some parents give infants fruit juice, which contains sorbitols (sugar alcohols) that the baby can’t absorb," Lavine says. The doctor will also make sure you don’t cut out nutrients your baby needs.

If you breastfeed, your baby could have trouble digesting some of the foods that you eat, which can come through your breast milk, like dairy products and caffeine. If you give her formula, talk to your doctor about switching brands. Some claim to be helpful for gassy babies.

Over-the-Counter (OTC) Treatments

You can also try a few OTC medications to help a gassy baby. Ask your doctor or pharmacist to recommend one. You should also ask them to make sure one of these meds won’t affect something else she takes, that she isn’t allergic to anything in it, and that you give the correct dose.

You can try simethicone gas drops for infant gas, but there’s no clear proof that they work.

Infant Gas and Colic

During the first 4 months of life, your baby may have colic, when she cries for 3 hours for more than 3 days a week for more than 3 weeks. Gas does not cause colic, but if your baby is colicky, she may swallow more air, which gives her more gas.

When Should You Worry?

Most of the time, infant gas is normal and treatable. But in rare cases, it can be the first sign of a more serious digestive problem, says Jenna Faircloth, PharmD, of Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center in Ohio. Contact the doctor right away if your baby:

  • Does not poop, has bloody stools, or vomits.
  • Is very fussy. If you can’t get her to calm down, a doctor needs to check for a problem.
  • Has a fever. If she has a rectal temperature of 100.4 F or higher, a doctor needs to rule out infection. If she’s under 3 months of age, take her to the doctor right away.
WebMD Feature Reviewed by Dan Brennan, MD on April 05, 2016

Sources

SOURCES:

American Academy of Pediatrics: “How to calm a fussy or colicky baby,” “You and your pediatrician.”

Jenna Faircloth, PharmD, clinical specialist, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH.

John Hopkins Medicine: “Colic.”

Joel Lavine, MD, PhD, professor of pediatrics, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons; chief, division of pediatric gastroenterology, hepatology, and nutrition, Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital, New York.

Mayo Clinic.org: “What’s the importance of tummy time for a baby?”

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: “Gas in the Digestive Tract.”

Jennifer Shu, MD, author, Food Fights: Winning the Nutritional Challenges of Parenthood Armed With Insight, Humor, and a Bottle of Ketchup.

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