Ways to Comfort a Crying Baby - Topic Overview
Comforting techniques often will calm a crying child if the crying isn't caused by pain. These techniques may help comfort a baby with colic, because colic isn't caused by pain. But if the crying doesn't seem normal or your baby seems sick, call your doctor.First, check to be sure your baby isn't hungry. Very young babies usually don't eat much at one sitting and may become hungry 1 to 2 hours after a feeding. Feeding your baby might stop the crying.Offer a pacifier for sucking. Sucking can help babies relieve stress without crying.Try rocking your baby. Gently rock your baby, or use a mechanical swing.Sing quietly to your baby. You may find that singing the same song over and over is soothing. You can also try playing music at a low volume.Turn on something with a rhythmic sound, such as a fan that hums, a vacuum cleaner, a clothes dryer, tape recordings of womb sounds, or a crib sound-and-motion device. A vibrating soothing device, which generates white noise and vibrates the bed,
Positional Plagiocephaly (Flattened Head) - Topic Overview
What is positional plagiocephaly? The shape of a newborn's head may be affected by how the baby was positioned in the uterus, by the birth process, or by the baby's sleep position.Positional plagiocephaly (say play-jee-oh-SEF-uh-lee) means that a baby's head is flat in the back or on one side, usually from lying on the back or lying with the head to one side for long periods of time. Sometimes a baby's forehead, cheek, or ear may get pushed forward slightly on one side.Babies can get a flattened head during the first few months of life. This is especially true since doctors began recommending putting babies down to sleep on their backs to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Babies that are born early are more likely to get a flattened head. This is because their skulls are softer than in full-term babies.How does a baby get a flattened head?Lots of time spent in a crib, in car seats, or in carriers or similar seats may lead to a flattened head. But you can do
Umbilical Cord Care - Topic Overview
After the umbilical cord is cut at birth, a stump of tissue remains attached to your baby's navel (umbilicus). The stump gradually dries and shrivels until it falls off, usually between 1 and 2 weeks after birth. It is important that you keep the umbilical cord stump and surrounding skin clean and dry. This basic care helps prevent infection. It may also help the umbilical cord stump to fall off .
Supplemental Feeding: What and Why
Find out the basics of bottle-feeding, including how to know when your baby is full and how often you should feed.
Infant Nutrition: The First 6 Months
Find out the proteins, fats, and vitamins your baby needs in the first 6 months.
Choosing a Specialty Formula
Learn how to choose "specialty" formulas for your baby, including alternatives to formulas made from cow's milk.
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - Frequently Asked Questions
Learning about DDH:What is developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)?Getting treatment:What should I know about a Pavlik harness?Living with DDH:How do I care for my child in a spica cast?
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - Topic Overview
What is developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)? Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a hip problem a baby is born with or that happens in the first year of life. In this condition, the top of the thighbone doesn't fit securely into the hip socket. This problem may affect one or both hip joints. In a normal hip, the thighbone fits tightly into a cup-shaped socket in the pelvis, and it is held in place by muscles, tendons, and ligaments. But in DDH, the hip socket may be too shallow or the tissues around the joint may be too loose.In mild cases, the ligaments and other soft tissues aren't tight, so the thighbone (femur) moves around more than normal in the hip socket.In more severe cases, the hip socket is more like a saucer than the deep cup that it should be. As a result:The ball at the top of the thighbone (femoral head) may slip partway out of the hip socket. This is called subluxation.The femoral head may slide completely out of the hip socket. This is called
Premature Infant - Health Tools
Health tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. How can I make informed decisions about my extremely premature infant?Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Managing postpartum depression ...
Premature Infant - The Sick Premature Infant
Many premature infants are resilient and surprise everyone by overcoming great odds. However, premature infants are also vulnerable to infection and to complications related to immature body organs. Expect that your infant can progress for several days but may then have a medical setback. With each additional week of prematurity, a newborn is at greater risk of having medical problems. Infants ...