Infantile Spasms (West Syndrome) - Topic Overview
Infantile spasms (West syndrome) are muscle spasms that affect a child's head, torso, and limbs. Infantile spasms usually begin before the age of 6 months.Most children with infantile spasms have below-normal intelligence. More than half have severe disabilities.Although an exact cause cannot always be found, infantile spasms may be caused by diseases, injuries, or infections that occurred before or during birth.Infantile spasms are treated with adrenocorticotropic hormone (Acthar) or prednisone. They generally do not respond well to medicines used to treat epilepsy. Vigabatrin (Sabril) may also be an effective treatment for infantile spasms especially when they are caused by a disease called tuberous sclerosis.
Cow's Milk Sensitivity in Babies - Topic Overview
If you drink cow's milk or eat dairy products that contain cow's milk while breast-feeding,the milk protein and sugars are passed on to your baby. Protein and sugars from cow's milk are also ingredients in most formulas. Some babies are sensitive to these proteins and sugars. Cow's milk protein sensitivity Normally,milk protein poses no problems to a baby's health or digestive system. But ...
Congenital Hydrocephalus - Topic Overview
What is congenital hydrocephalus? Congenital hydrocephalus is a buildup of excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain at birth. The extra fluid can increase pressure in the baby's brain,causing brain damage and mental and physical problems. This condition is rare. Finding the condition early and treating it quickly can help limit any long-term problems. But long-term effects mostly ...
Congenital Hydrocephalus - Frequently Asked Questions
Learning about congenital hydrocephalus: What is congenital hydrocephalus? What are the different types of congenital hydrocephalus? What is the difference between communicating and noncommunicating hydrocephalus? How does this condition affect the soft spots on a baby's head? Living with congenital hydrocephalus: How can I take better care of myself while also taking care of my child? ...
Ways to Comfort a Crying Baby - Topic Overview
Comforting techniques often will calm a crying child if the crying isn't caused by pain. These techniques may help comfort a baby with colic, because colic isn't caused by pain. But if the crying doesn't seem normal or your baby seems sick, call your doctor.First, check to be sure your baby isn't hungry. Very young babies usually don't eat much at one sitting and may become hungry 1 to 2 hours after a feeding. Feeding your baby might stop the crying.Offer a pacifier for sucking. Sucking can help babies relieve stress without crying.Try rocking your baby. Gently rock your baby, or use a mechanical swing.Sing quietly to your baby. You may find that singing the same song over and over is soothing. You can also try playing music at a low volume.Turn on something with a rhythmic sound, such as a fan that hums, a vacuum cleaner, a clothes dryer, tape recordings of womb sounds, or a crib sound-and-motion device. A vibrating soothing device, which generates white noise and vibrates the bed,
Positional Plagiocephaly (Flattened Head) - Topic Overview
What is positional plagiocephaly? The shape of a newborn's head may be affected by how the baby was positioned in the uterus, by the birth process, or by the baby's sleep position.Positional plagiocephaly (say play-jee-oh-SEF-uh-lee) means that a baby's head is flat in the back or on one side, usually from lying on the back or lying with the head to one side for long periods of time. Sometimes a baby's forehead, cheek, or ear may get pushed forward slightly on one side.Babies can get a flattened head during the first few months of life. This is especially true since doctors began recommending putting babies down to sleep on their backs to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Babies that are born early are more likely to get a flattened head. This is because their skulls are softer than in full-term babies.How does a baby get a flattened head?Lots of time spent in a crib, in car seats, or in carriers or similar seats may lead to a flattened head. But you can do
Umbilical Cord Care - Topic Overview
After the umbilical cord is cut at birth, a stump of tissue remains attached to your baby's navel (umbilicus). The stump gradually dries and shrivels until it falls off, usually between 1 and 2 weeks after birth. It is important that you keep the umbilical cord stump and surrounding skin clean and dry. This basic care helps prevent infection. It may also help the umbilical cord stump to fall off .
Supplemental Feeding: What and Why
Find out the basics of bottle-feeding, including how to know when your baby is full and how often you should feed.
Infant Nutrition: The First 6 Months
Find out the proteins, fats, and vitamins your baby needs in the first 6 months.
Choosing a Specialty Formula
Learn how to choose "specialty" formulas for your baby, including alternatives to formulas made from cow's milk.