Infant Formulas - Topic Overview
What are infant formulas and what's in them?Infant formula is a nutritional product that is made from processed cow's milk or soybean products. Special processing makes cow's-milk formula more digestible and less likely to cause an allergic reaction than regular cow's milk.Vitamins and minerals are added to infant formula. Formula can be used to provide all of a baby's nutritional needs before the age of 4 to 6 months.Commercial formulas are made to be as similar to breast milk as possible. The safety and nutrient content of infant formula is regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). About half the calories in formula come from vegetable oils or a mixture of vegetable and animal fats. A baby's body requires fat for the production and growth of new cells and for high energy needs. Milk sugar (lactose) is the main source of carbohydrate in most cow's-milk formula, just as in breast milk.What types of formulas are there?Several types of infant formulas are available.
Repair of Choanal Atresia - Risks
The main risk of surgery to repair choanal atresia is needing another surgery if the airway does not stay open. In general, children have a small risk of infection or bleeding. Any surgery involving general anesthesia carries a small amount of risk. Call the doctor if your child has bleeding, a fever of, pus coming from the nose, or you are unable to keep the stents clear so your child can ...
Postpartum: First 6 Weeks After Childbirth - When to Call a Doctor
Call anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example,call if: You have sudden,severe pain in your belly. You passed out (lost consciousness). Call your doctor now or seek immediate medical care if: You have severe vaginal bleeding. You are passing blood clots and soaking through a pad each hour for 2 or more hours. Your vaginal bleeding seems to be getting heavier or is still ...
Crying Child That Is Not Acting Normally - Topic Overview
Crying is a child's first way of communicating. Parents and caregivers become better over time at identifying their child's cry. Along with crying, a child may not act normally when something is wrong with him or her. Infection, illness, injury or pain, or a medical problem may cause a child to not act normally.If your baby has colic, you may be concerned that a health condition is causing the excessive crying. Usually a baby with colic isn't crying because of pain or physical discomfort. But it is important to be aware that health problems or injuries can cause a baby to cry excessively. And it's important to watch for related signs. Here are a few things to look for that may mean your baby has a health problem.Signs of not acting normallyLooks or acts different, such as a change in balance or coordinationAppears confused or doesn't interact with people or objects in his or her environment. Look for a change in the level of consciousness.Sleeps more or appears to have no
Weaning - Health Tools
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Healthy Eating: Helping Your Child Learn Healthy Eating Habits ...
Postpartum: First 6 Weeks After Childbirth - Coping With Emotions
Having a new baby is exciting. But it also can be exhausting and stressful. It's common to feel a range of emotions at this time. Tips for coping during the postpartum period include accepting help from others,eating well and drinking plenty of fluids,getting rest whenever you can,limiting visitors,getting some time to yourself,and seeking the company of other women who have new babies. ...
Bottle-Feeding: Disadvantages for Babies - Topic Overview
Infant formulas take two times longer for a baby to digest than breast milk. The slower digestion of infant formula can affect:Feeding frequency. Babies who take infant formula usually want to feed less often than babies who are breast-feeding.Sleeping patterns. Babies who take infant formula may sleep longer at night once they are about 2 months old. But babies who are breast-fed usually catch up shortly after, at about 3 to 5 months of age.Bowel movements. Infant formula causes formed, brown stools that have a noticeable odor. Breast milk causes loose, yellow stools that have less odor.Breast milk, unlike formula, has antibodies. Breast-feeding may lower your child's risk for many types of infections and allergies. Breast milk may also help protect your child from some health problems, such as eczema, asthma, and diabetes. For more information, see the topic Breast-Feeding.
Congenital Torticollis - Topic Overview
What is congenital torticollis?Torticollis, also known as "wryneck, " is a condition in which your baby's head is tilted. The chin points to one shoulder, while the head tilts toward the opposite shoulder. Treatment is necessary to prevent your baby's face and skull from growing unevenly and to prevent limited motion of the head and neck. "Congenital" means a condition that is present at birth. ..
Mastitis While Breast-Feeding - Symptoms
The symptoms of mastitis most often appear within 4 to 6 weeks after childbirth. If you have mastitis, you may first notice: a painful area on one breast, reddened, warm to the touch, or both; chills, aches, and flu - like symptoms.
Mastitis While Breast-Feeding - Topic Overview
Mastitis is a breast inflammation usually caused by infection.