Repair of Choanal Atresia - Surgery Overview
Choanal atresia (say "KOH - uh - nul uh - TREE - zhuh") is blockage by bone or tissue of the nasal passages (choana) leading from the back of the nose to the throat. The condition-present at birth in about 1 in 7, 000 babies-makes it impossible to breathe through the nose. Choanal atresia is diagnosed at birth when both passages are blocked. If only one passage is blocked, the diagnosis may be mad
Repair of Choanal Atresia - What to Expect After Surgery
After surgery, your baby should be able to breathe normally and will be able to breast - feed or bottle - feed. Newborns stay in the hospital for a few days; older children having surgery on one side may go home after a day or two. Health professionals will teach you how to suction your baby's nasal passages at home to keep the stents open until they can be removed. They also will have you watch f
Repair of Choanal Atresia - What to Think About
Surgery may be delayed until the child is 2 or 3 years old if only one nasal passage is blocked.The transnasal technique requires less operating time than the transpalatal approach, but the risk of the nasal passages closing later may be higher. ...
Repair of Choanal Atresia - Why It Is Done
The surgery opens nasal passages to allow the baby to breathe. A newborn can only breathe through the nose (except when crying) in the first weeks of life. ...
Bottle-Feeding: Weaning a Toddler - Topic Overview
Many of the tips for weaning babies from bottle-feeding can be used for toddlers (ages 1 to 2). Here are some suggestions unique to toddlers: Do not allow a toddler to carry the bottle around. Explain to your toddler that he or she can have milk only at mealtimes and snack times and in specific locations,such as in the kitchen. This makes drinking from the bottle less convenient and may also ...
Choosing Child Care - Paying for Child Care
Budgeting for child care takes work. Plan ahead and think about your future child care expenses as far in advance as possible. Keep in mind that it may take time to process applications or that there may be a waiting list,especially if you are trying to qualify for financial assistance. Child care referral agencies or other experts (such as some state or federal government agencies) can help ...
Choosing Child Care - Beginning Your Search
Individual child careBabysitters and mother's helpers. Babysitters provide informal, periodic, in - home care for your child, such as when you need to run errands or have planned an evening out. They are usually paid hourly and maintain general household order, but they are not expected to do housekeeping chores. A mother's helper is similar to a babysitter but is someone who watches your child ..
Weaning - Promoting Healthy Growth and Development
The weaning processThe American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that babies be breast - fed for at least a year and as long after as mother and child desire.1Weaning from breast - or bottle - feeding can be done gradually or abruptly. If you are not breast - feeding and your baby is younger than 12 months of age, use iron - fortified formula. Do not offer your baby cow's milk.1 The iron in cow's
Weaning - Routine Checkups
A well baby checkup is a good time to ask questions about weaning. During this checkup, your baby's health professional will: Compare the baby's current weight, height, and head size with measurements taken at birth to see if the rate of growth is normal. Ask how well the baby is eating and sleeping and whether any problems have developed. ...
Weaning - What Is Expected
Weaning is a gradual process. It starts when you begin giving solid food to your baby and ends when the child no longer breast - feeds or takes a bottle. This process may last a few months or more than a year.A rough outline of this process is as follows: Your baby begins eating solid foods at 4 to 6 months of age. At this point, introduce cup - feeding to supplement breast - or bottle - feedings