Spitting Up - Topic Overview
Almost all babies spit up, especially newborns. Spitting up decreases once the muscles of the esophagus, the muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach, become more coordinated. This process can take as little as 6 months or as long as 1 year.When spitting up becomes a problemIf your baby starts spitting up after every feeding, there may be a problem with the way he or she is being ...
Language Development in Newborns - Topic Overview
Speech and language lessons start in the uterus,where your unborn baby hears and responds to familiar voices. Indeed,soon after birth,your baby prefers and responds more to the mother's voice than to any other. Also,your newborn can recognize whether sounds are part of his or her native language. Your newborn continues to learn language by listening to the basic and distinct sounds ...
Quick Tips: Getting Baby to Sleep - Get started
WebMD gives ideas for helping your newborn to get to sleep and stay asleep longer.
Cognitive Growth in Newborns - Topic Overview
Cognition is the ability to think,learn,and remember. Your baby is born with 100 billion brain cells ( neurons ). To function at their full potential,these cells must form connections (synapses) with each other. These connections carry messages between the cells in the brain and from the brain to the body. During a baby’s first month,the body makes more connections and improves how the ...
Group B Streptococcal Infections in Newborns - Topic Overview
What is group B streptococcal infection?Group B streptococcal (group B strep) infection is a serious bacterial infection that is a leading cause of death and disability in newborns.In the 1970s, about half of newborns with group B strep infection died. Today, due to early recognition and aggressive treatment of the infection, far fewer cases end in death.What causes group B streptococcal ...
Sensory and Motor Growth in Newborns - Topic Overview
Newborn senses Your newborn is equipped with all five senses,although some are more developed than others. Touch. Your newborn's sense of touch is highly developed,particularly around the mouth,where he or she is sensitive to temperature,pressure,and pain. Newborns like gentle handling and to feel soft textures against their skin. Hearing. At birth,fluid in the ear canal and middle ear ...
Emotional and Social Growth in Newborns - Topic Overview
Your newborn immediately starts to communicate with you. Newborns need and,in their own way,ask for social interaction with others. They communicate by moving their arms and legs and directing their gaze toward a familiar voice. Their eyes and face brighten as they track parents' movements and scan their faces. When they break their gaze,it signals the need for a rest from the interaction. ...
Umbilical Cord Care - Topic Overview
After the umbilical cord is cut at birth, a stump of tissue remains attached to your baby's navel (umbilicus). The stump gradually dries and shrivels until it falls off, usually between 1 and 2 weeks after birth. It is important that you keep the umbilical cord stump and surrounding skin clean and dry. This basic care helps prevent infection. It may also help the umbilical cord stump to fall off .
Helping Your Newborn Learn - Topic Overview
When you encourage emotional bonding with your baby by cuddling,talking,and playing with him or her,you also stimulate brain development and communication. To further promote learning and communication: Learn your newborn's cues and recognize when he or she is most alert and receptive. Newborn communication can be subtle. Look for signs that your baby is happy and eager to interact,such as ...
Newborn Reflexes - Topic Overview
Newborn reflexes are involuntary movements that babies make when a part of their body is stimulated. The main newborn reflexes include: Sucking reflex. A newborn sucks when a nipple or finger is placed in his or her mouth. Rooting reflex. When the side of a baby's cheek is touched,the head turns and his or her mouth "reaches" toward it. Traction response. When a newborn is pulled by the ...