Growth and Development, Newborn - Topic Overview
What kinds of development occur in my baby's first month?Babies are called newborns during their first month of life. Although your newborn sleeps a lot, powerful changes are occurring in the five major areas of development.Physical development. Don't be alarmed if your newborn loses some weight shortly after birth. This weight usually is regained within 10 to 12 days. Most newborns gain about to
Separation Protests: Helping Your Child - Topic Overview
Separation protest (also called separation anxiety) usually starts around 6 months of age,peaks near 10 months of age,and starts to fade sometime near the first birthday. Some children's separation protests may peak at or continue through to about 18 months of age,resolving closer to the second birthday. The intensity and duration of separation protest is affected by your child's temperament ...
Jaundice in Newborns (Hyperbilirubinemia) - Topic Overview
What is jaundice in newborns?Jaundice is a yellow tint to a newborn's skin and the white part of the eyes. It is a sign that there's too much bilirubin in the baby's blood. The word for having too much bilirubin in the blood is hyperbilirubinemia (say hy-per-bil-ih-roo-bih-NEE-mee-uh). Jaundice usually appears in the first 5 days of life. Many babies have left the hospital by the time jaundice starts. So your doctor may want to do a follow-up exam when your baby is 3 to 5 days old.Most babies have mild jaundice. It usually gets better or goes away on its own within a week or two without causing problems. But jaundice should be taken seriously. In rare cases, if the bilirubin level stays high and isn't treated, it can cause brain damage called kernicterus. This can lead to serious lifelong problems.What causes jaundice in newborns?Jaundice occurs because your baby's body has more bilirubin than it can get rid of. Bilirubin is a yellow substance that's made when the body breaks down old
Health and Safety, Birth to 2 Years - Safety Measures Around the Home
From birth to age 2, children depend on parents and caregivers for their safety. Safety issues change and increase rapidly in number as newborns grow into toddlers. It is important to consider your child's physical and mental development when evaluating current and future hazards. Although close supervision is important, it is not realistic to think that you can watch your child's every move. In .
Nursery Equipment Safety Checklist - Topic Overview
The following safety guidelines are adapted from the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (USCPSC). They are for various equipment found in nurseries, both at home and in child care settings. Back carriersAll back carriers should meet the following safety standards:Check if meets standards1. Carrier has restraining strap to secure child. 2. Leg openings are small enough to prevent ...
Positional Plagiocephaly (Flattened Head) - Topic Overview
What is positional plagiocephaly? The shape of a newborn's head may be affected by how the baby was positioned in the uterus, by the birth process, or by the baby's sleep position.Positional plagiocephaly (say play-jee-oh-SEF-uh-lee) means that a baby's head is flat in the back or on one side, usually from lying on the back or lying with the head to one side for long periods of time. Sometimes a baby's forehead, cheek, or ear may get pushed forward slightly on one side.Babies can get a flattened head during the first few months of life. This is especially true since doctors began recommending putting babies down to sleep on their backs to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Babies that are born early are more likely to get a flattened head. This is because their skulls are softer than in full-term babies.How does a baby get a flattened head?Lots of time spent in a crib, in car seats, or in carriers or similar seats may lead to a flattened head. But you can do
Circumcision - What to Expect After Surgery
After the circumcision, the groin, penis, and scrotum may appear reddish brown because of the solution used to clean the skin before surgery. The shaft of the penis where the skin was removed will look raw and slightly swollen. This tender appearance should gradually disappear in the next few days.Your baby will be observed for 2 to 4 hours after the procedure. Health professionals will check his
Newborn Reflexes - Topic Overview
Newborn reflexes are involuntary movements that babies make when a part of their body is stimulated. The main newborn reflexes include: Sucking reflex. A newborn sucks when a nipple or finger is placed in his or her mouth. Rooting reflex. When the side of a baby's cheek is touched,the head turns and his or her mouth "reaches" toward it. Traction response. When a newborn is pulled by the ...
Growth and Development, Ages 1 to 12 Months - When to Call a Doctor
Talk to your health professional any time you have concerns about your baby's:Physical development. It is important to talk with your health professional if your baby's growth seems to slow significantly or if he or she is not consistently eating well. Cognitive development. Cognition is the ability to learn and remember. If your baby is not becoming increasingly alert or active, talk to your ...
Circumcision - Topic Overview
What is circumcision?Male circumcision is an elective surgery to remove the foreskin (prepuce), a fold of skin that covers and protects the rounded tip of the penis (glans). This surgery is most commonly done on newborns about 24 hours old. See an illustration of the penis before and after circumcision.If a baby is born early (premature) or has certain medical conditions, he may be circumcised ...