Premature Infant - Health Tools
Health tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. How can I make informed decisions about my extremely premature infant?Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Managing postpartum depression ...
Premature Infant - Looking Ahead to the Childhood Years
Your infant's "age"Age is both a measure of time and a marker of development. Unlike with a full - term infant, a premature infant's age and development can be defined in different ways. This can be confusing to any parent. When following your premature infant's growth and development, it can be helpful to know the difference between the following "ages": Gestational age is the fetus's age, as ...
Spina Bifida - Health Tools
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Pregnancy: Should I Have Amniocentesis? Pregnancy: Should I Have Screening Tests for Birth Defects?Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Growth and Development: Helping Your Child Build Self-Esteem
Spina Bifida - Frequently Asked Questions
Learning about spina bifida:What is spina bifida?What is a neural tube defect?How much daily folic acid do I need before and during pregnancy?Testing for spina bifida:What should I know about birth defects testing?Should I have the maternal serum triple or quadruple test?Should I have amniocentesis?Getting treatment:What is physical therapy?What is occupational therapy?What is a urinary catheter?Living with spina bifida:How can I help build my child's self-esteem?What are the educational rights of children with disabilities?What should I know about latex allergy?How can I take care of myself as well as my child?
Spina Bifida - Topic Overview
What is spina bifida?Spina bifida is a type of birth defect called a neural tube defect. It occurs when the bones of the spine (vertebrae) don't form properly around part of the baby's spinal cord. Spina bifida can be mild or severe. The mild form is the most common. It usually doesn't cause problems or need treatment. You can't see the defect, but some people may have a dimple, birthmark, or hairy patch on their back. Most people with this form don't know they have it until they get a back X-ray for another reason.A rare and more severe form is meningocele (say muh-NIN-juh-seel). In this form, fluid leaks out of the spine and pushes against the skin. You may see a bulge in the skin. In many cases, there are no other symptoms.The most rare and severe form is myelomeningocele (say my-uh-loh-muh-NIN-juh-seel). It's what most people mean when they say spina bifida. Part of the spinal nerves push out of the spinal canal, and the nerves are often damaged. You may see a bulge in the skin.
Colic - When to Call a Doctor
Callor other emergency services immediately if:You are afraid that you are about to harm your baby and you cannot find someone to help you.Your baby has been shaken, has a change in his or her level of consciousness, or has signs of severe difficulty breathing.Call your health professional immediately if your baby:Cries in a peculiar manner or for a very unusual length of time.Has not been ...
Colic - Routine Checkups
You can ask your health professional about your concerns regarding your baby's crying during regularly scheduled well baby visits, but don't hesitate to call and discuss them at any time. This is especially true if comfort measures continually fail or you notice other symptoms along with the excessive crying. At the checkup, your health professional will want to determine whether your baby has ...
Colic - What to Expect
Similarities and differences between normal crying and colicBecause infants cry more in their first 3 months than at any other time in their lives, it is often difficult to tell the difference between colic and expected crying behavior. Both types of crying gradually increase, peaking at about 6 to 8 weeks of age. Most crying episodes occur in the late afternoon and evening hours, although the ...
Colic: Harmful Treatments - Topic Overview
Do not use unapproved,unproven,or potentially dangerous substances or methods as treatment for your baby who has colic. Potentially dangerous treatments include: Gripe water. Varying ingredients are used in blends labeled as gripe water. In some batches,alcohol is a main ingredient. Gripe water is an herbal home remedy that is not considered safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration ...
Infant Massage - Topic Overview
Many caregivers use infant massage to relax and promote the emotional bond with their baby. It can help relax your baby, prevent crying, and soothe and comfort your crying baby. Many hospitals and child care centers provide classes on infant massage. Massage methods vary, but general recommendations stress finding the appropriate setting and using appropriate techniques.Find a time when you are relaxed and won't be interrupted. Be sure the baby is neither full nor hungry.Find a comfortable location and position. The room should be warm. Lay the baby on his or her back on a towel on a bed, the floor, or your lap.Some parents use a warm (not hot) natural oil such as vegetable or olive oil. Slowly rub a little over the baby's body. Move your palms in clockwise, rhythmic circles on the baby's abdomen. Use only light pressure.Be sensitive to your baby. A newborn may enjoy only 2 to 5 minutes of massage. Do not massage a sick or feverish child.