Kangaroo Care for Premature Infants - Topic Overview
Kangaroo care is the skin-to-skin holding of an infant on your chest,under a hospital gown or loose shirt. After a premature or sick infant is medically stable,parents can practice kangaroo care,which is known to have positive effects on an infant's heart rate and breathing,as well as on parent–infant bonding. Many neonatal intensive care units encourage kangaroo care of premature infants. ...
Helping Your Newborn Learn - Topic Overview
When you encourage emotional bonding with your baby by cuddling,talking,and playing with him or her,you also stimulate brain development and communication. To further promote learning and communication: Learn your newborn's cues and recognize when he or she is most alert and receptive. Newborn communication can be subtle. Look for signs that your baby is happy and eager to interact,such as ...
Circumcision - Why It May Be Done
Circumcision is performed on newborns mainly for cultural reasons. For example, parents may make the decision about circumcision based on religious and family traditions, personal preferences, or the social norms within their communities. It is also important to consider the benefits and risks of the procedure.Should I have my son circumcised?Circumcision is not medically necessary. There may be .
Physical Growth in Newborns - Topic Overview
In the first month,your doctor will pay close attention to your baby's increasing weight,length,and head circumference,which is measured around the largest point of the head,usually starting at a point on the forehead. The average birth weight for babies is around 7.5 lb (3.4 kg),although between 5.5 lb (2.5 kg) and 10 lb (4.5 kg) is considered normal. In general: Boys are usually a ...
Fontanelles and Sutures of the Infant Skull - Topic Overview
The skull consists of five thin,curved,bony plates that are held together by fibrous material called sutures. These sutures allow a baby's skull to expand with the growing brain. Usually,the area within a baby's skull doubles in the first 6 months of life and doubles again by age 2. Some sutures begin to close at about this time. After age 2,the skull and brain grow at a much slower rate. ...
Necrotizing Enterocolitis - Frequently Asked Questions
Learning about necrotizing enterocolitis: What is necrotizing enterocolitis? Who gets it? What increases my child's risk? How can I prevent it? Getting treatment: How can I care for my child's ostomy? ...
Choosing Child Care - Topic Overview
What is child care?In basic terms, child care is temporary care by someone other than a parent. Child care should offer a healthy, safe, and secure place for children to develop and grow. In the United States, approximately 75% of children younger than 5 are cared for on a regular basis by a person who is not their parent.1The high demand for child care is a reflection of many cultural and ...
Spina Bifida - Topic Overview
What is spina bifida?Spina bifida is a type of birth defect called a neural tube defect. It occurs when the bones of the spine (vertebrae) don't form properly around part of the baby's spinal cord. Spina bifida can be mild or severe. The mild form is the most common. It usually doesn't cause problems or need treatment. You can't see the defect, but some people may have a dimple, birthmark, or hairy patch on their back. Most people with this form don't know they have it until they get a back X-ray for another reason.A rare and more severe form is meningocele (say muh-NIN-juh-seel). In this form, fluid leaks out of the spine and pushes against the skin. You may see a bulge in the skin. In many cases, there are no other symptoms.The most rare and severe form is myelomeningocele (say my-uh-loh-muh-NIN-juh-seel). It's what most people mean when they say spina bifida. Part of the spinal nerves push out of the spinal canal, and the nerves are often damaged. You may see a bulge in the skin.
Feeding Your Premature Infant - Topic Overview
If your premature infant was born before the gestational age of 32 to 34 weeks, he or she cannot feed by mouth. This is because of:Poor coordination (or lack) of sucking, swallowing, and gag reflex.Weakness of both the oral and stomach muscles.Small stomach capacity.Until your infant becomes stronger and more mature, tube feeding is used to feed milk, formula, or a combination of the two directly into the stomach. For the infant whose gastrointestinal tract cannot yet digest properly or is affected by necrotizing enterocolitis, intravenous (parenteral) feedings are given through a tube into the umbilical site (umbilical catheter) or into a vein.When your infant is mature enough to feed from a nipple, oral feedings are introduced. Over a period of days or weeks, you can gradually replace more tube or IV feedings with breast-feedings.Premature infants, including those born at 34 to almost 37 weeks, often have trouble with oral feedings and may need extra help.In some cases, doctors
Cleft Palate - Topic Overview