Group B Streptococcal Infections in Newborns - Topic Overview
What is group B streptococcal infection?Group B streptococcal (group B strep) infection is a serious bacterial infection that is a leading cause of death and disability in newborns.In the 1970s, about half of newborns with group B strep infection died. Today, due to early recognition and aggressive treatment of the infection, far fewer cases end in death.What causes group B streptococcal ...
Growth and Development, Newborn - Routine Checkups
WebMD describes newborn tests and screening, the birth examination and routine doctor visits your baby needs. Learn about types of newborn tests, like screening blood tests for inherited diseases, and immunizations doctors will give your newborn baby.
Cognitive Development, Ages 1 to 12 Months - Topic Overview
Cognitive development is the process by which the brain develops the abilities to learn and remember. Cognitive development follows a typical pattern in the first 12 months of life. Between 1 and 2 months of age,infants become interested in new objects and will turn their gaze toward them. They also gaze longer at more complex objects and seem to thrive on novelty,as though trying to learn ...
Circumcision - What Happens During a Circumcision
Circumcision for a newborn is usually done by a health professional at a clinic, in the hospital, or at an outpatient surgery center. During the procedure:The newborn is placed on a firm surface, often called a papoose board. Velcro straps are wrapped around the newborn's arms and legs to keep him very still during the procedure.The penis is cleaned.The surgical area is numbed with a local ...
Colic Diary - Topic Overview
A diary for colic shows the baby's daily activities and the amount of time spent in each one. The diary should include:Crying and fussing periods. Who was present when the baby was crying? What comfort measures were used? Was the baby being held when the crying began?Sleeping periods. Was the baby sleeping alone or in the caregiver's arms?Awake times. Was the baby alone and happy or being held? Were bathing, changing, or other activities taking place? Feeding times. How much formula was taken? How long did the baby breast-feed? What position was the baby in during feeding? How was the baby burped? Did the baby spit up or vomit after a feeding? If you are breast-feeding, the health professional will want a record of your diet during this period of time.Stool pattern. What is the amount, color, consistency, and odor of the baby's stools?Number of wet diapers. What is the color, estimated amount (small, moderate, or large), and odor of the baby's urine?Weight. When during the day was the
Tongue-Tie - Topic Overview
What is tongue-tie? Tongue-tie (ankyloglossia) is a problem that occurs at birth. It happens when the tissue that attaches the tongue to the bottom of the mouth (lingual frenulum) is too short. This can limit the movement of the tongue. See a picture of tongue-tie. What causes tongue-tie? The cause of tongue-tie isn't always known. It can run in families or may occur in babies who have other ...
Ways to Comfort a Crying Baby - Topic Overview
Comforting techniques often will calm a crying child if the crying isn't caused by pain. These techniques may help comfort a baby with colic, because colic isn't caused by pain. But if the crying doesn't seem normal or your baby seems sick, call your doctor.First, check to be sure your baby isn't hungry. Very young babies usually don't eat much at one sitting and may become hungry 1 to 2 hours after a feeding. Feeding your baby might stop the crying.Offer a pacifier for sucking. Sucking can help babies relieve stress without crying.Try rocking your baby. Gently rock your baby, or use a mechanical swing.Sing quietly to your baby. You may find that singing the same song over and over is soothing. You can also try playing music at a low volume.Turn on something with a rhythmic sound, such as a fan that hums, a vacuum cleaner, a clothes dryer, tape recordings of womb sounds, or a crib sound-and-motion device. A vibrating soothing device, which generates white noise and vibrates the bed,
Circumcision - When to Call a Doctor
Your son's penis will be examined during routine well - baby visits. However, it is important to call your health professional if problems develop after circumcision.Call your doctor immediately if your circumcised baby: Is younger than 3 months of age and has a fever.Develops signs of infection of the penis or around the circumcision site. Signs may include severe swelling, redness, a red streak
Premature Infant: Safe Travel With Your Baby - Topic Overview
After your infant is discharged from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU),you may need to take special precautions for car travel. In most cases the safest way for a healthy premature infant to travel is by car seat. 1 But some premature infants cannot sit in a car seat without slouching over,which interferes with their breathing and oxygen supply. Before discharging your infant from the ...
Phototherapy for Jaundice in Newborns - Topic Overview
Phototherapy is the most common treatment for reducing high bilirubin levels that cause jaundice in a newborn. In the standard form of phototherapy,the baby is placed in an enclosed plastic crib (incubator) and is exposed to a type of fluorescent light that is absorbed by the baby's skin. During this process,the bilirubin in the baby's body is changed into another form that can be more easily ...