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Breast-Feeding - Common Problems

You may sometimes doubt your ability to successfully breast-feed. It's common to have questions and struggles sometimes. You may notice that your baby is having problems. Or you may have problems during feeding or problems with your breasts. Remember, most breast-feeding issues are easily resolved when you know what to expect and have support from others, including your doctor, midwife, or lactation consultant.

Problems in babies

  • Cold or flu. When your baby has a minor illness, such as a cold or the flu, continue breast-feeding. Breast milk is still the best nourishment.
  • Digestive problems. Some foods may affect your breast milk and contribute to intestinal gas or other digestive problems. If you suspect that your baby's crying gets worse after a feeding of breast milk, keep a record of what you eat and how your baby acts, especially when crying episodes occur. Some babies develop a cow's milk sensitivity. If this occurs, stop including milk and dairy products in your diet, and talk to your doctor.
  • Spitting up. Almost all babies spit up, especially newborns. Spitting up usually doesn't seem to cause the baby any discomfort. But if your baby spits up more often, cries, acts fussy, or has trouble eating, there may be a problem called gastroesophageal reflux.

If you have other concerns or aren't sure if you should see your baby's doctor, see When to Call a Doctor.

Feeding babies with special conditions

Some babies are born with problems that interfere with their ability to breast-feed right away. But many of these babies can be fed breast milk using special techniques, such as cup-feeding or a feeding device called a supplemental nursing system. Feeding a premature baby or a baby with cleft palate or cleft lip may be challenging. Your doctor or a lactation consultant can guide you on feeding techniques.

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