Child Car Seats - Topic Overview
Infant and child car seats save lives. By law, children must be buckled up in a car seat that is made for their weight, height, and age. Check your state's laws at www.iihs.org/laws/default.aspx.
A child who is not in a car seat can be seriously injured or killed during a crash or an abrupt stop, even at low speeds. A parent's arms are not strong enough to hold and protect a baby during a car accident. Many unrestrained children die because they are torn from an adult's arms during a crash.
Set a good example for your children by always wearing your own seat belt, and always insist that they buckle up.
Requirements for car seats
Buy a car seat appropriate for your child's current age, weight, and height. For safety, it is very important to have a car seat that fits your child and faces the right direction. Be sure to follow the car seat maker's recommendations. They should include weight and height guidelines. They should also tell you how to install the seat and how to secure your child in it.
The following guidelines come from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA):
Ages 0 to 12 months
Your child younger than age 1 should always ride in a car seat that faces the back of the car (called rear-facing). There are different types of rear-facing car seats. Infant-only seats can only be used rear-facing. Convertible and 3-in-1 car seats typically have higher height and weight limits for the rear-facing position, allowing you to keep your child rear-facing for a longer period of time.
Ages 1 to 3 years
Keep your child rear-facing in a convertible or 3-in-1 car seat as long as possible. It's the best way to keep him or her safe. Your child should remain rear-facing until he or she reaches the top height or weight limit allowed by your car seat's maker. As soon as your child outgrows the rear-facing car seat, your child is ready to travel in a car seat that faces the front (called forward-facing) and that has a harness.