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Health & Baby

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Circumcision - References


  1. Maeda JL, et al. (2012). Circumcisions performed in U.S. community hospitals, 2009. HCUP Statistical Brief #126, February 2012, pp. 1-13. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Also available online:

  2. Task Force on Circumcision, American Academy of Pediatrics (2012). Circumcision policy statement. Pediatrics, 130(3): 585-586.

Other Works Consulted

  • American Urological Association (2007, reaffirmed 2012). Circumcision. Available online:

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013). HIV/AIDS: Male circumcision. Available online:

  • Steadman B, Ellsworth P (2006). To circ or not to circ: Indications, risks, and alternatives to circumcision in the pediatric population with phimosis. Urologic Nursing, 26(3): 181-194.

  • Task Force on Circumcision, American Academy of Pediatrics (2012). Technical report: Male circumcision. Pediatrics, 130(3): e756-e785.

  • Towers HM (2006). Circumcision. In FD Burg et al., eds. Current Pediatric Therapy, 18th ed., pp. 313-315. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.

  • Wiysonge CS, et al. (2011). Male circumcision for prevention of homosexual acquisition of HIV in men. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (6).

  • World Health Organization, JHPIEGO (2010). Manual for Early Infant Male Circumcision Under Local Anaesthesia. Geneva: World Health Organization.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: September 09, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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