Growth and Development, Newborn - Promoting Healthy Growth and Development
growth and development, newborns need physical and emotional care. You enhance
development and give your newborn a sense of security and being loved by:
Although your baby's needs are basic, it is important to
respond promptly to his or her cues and to recognize safety issues.
- Reduce the risk of
sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) by always placing
your baby to sleep on his or her back (not on the stomach). Make sure that the
crib mattress is firm and covered by a sheet and that there are no pillows or
blankets that could block the baby's mouth or nose. For more information, see
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).
sure all safety standards are met for your baby's
nursery items. For more information, see the topic Nursery Equipment Safety Checklist.
- Support your newborn's head. In the first few months, your baby's
neck muscles are weak, and the head needs to be supported at all
- Buy a
car seat that is appropriate for a newborn, and use it properly. And always
use a car seat when traveling with your baby on an airplane.
- Do not
leave your baby alone with a
- Never leave your newborn alone or in
the care of an older child while the baby is:
- In the
- On a changing table or other
place where he or she could fall or get injured.
- Post emergency numbers in several places throughout your house. Or store them in your cell phone. Include
numbers for your doctor, friends, and neighbors. Keep your
local Poison Control Center number handy, too.
- Never shake your
baby. A baby's skull is not developed enough to protect it against injury.
Shaking your baby in anger or frustration can lead to
shaken baby syndrome.
Get help right away if you feel that you or another
caregiver might hurt your baby. Call 911
if it is an emergency. Call your doctor, a friend, a relative, or a parent
hotline if you are feeling overwhelmed to the point that you feel you are not
able to care for your baby.
For more information, see the topic
Health and Safety, Birth to 2 Years.
your doctor if you think you or your partner has
postpartum depression. It can make a mom feel very
sad, hopeless, and worthless. And she may have trouble caring for and bonding
with the baby. For more information, see the topic