Health and Safety, Birth to 2 Years - Safety Measures Around the Home
Fire hazards and burns
- Prevent household fires by having and maintaining smoke detectors, planning and practicing
escape routes, and teaching your child basic fire safety skills. Young children are often curious about fire. Warn your child about
the dangers of fire, and explain why only grown-ups are allowed to use
- Prevent burns. Serious burns are most often caused by heat,
electricity, or chemicals. Prevent burn injuries to your
child by identifying dangers in your home and removing them or blocking your
child's access to them. For more information, see the topic
Burns and Electric Shock.
- Enjoy fireworks from a distance.
Fireworks injure children each summer. Children can also get burns from using and being
around firecrackers and sparklers.
Guns and other weapons
Gun and firearm safety measures should be established for all households and especially those
where children live or visit. All guns and firearms should be kept in a locked
area, unloaded, and out of reach of children. Also store knives (even kitchen
knives), swords, and other weapons safely out of reach.
Teach children how to interact with pets. Teach them to never tease animals or bother them while they are eating. Explain that animals can sometimes hurt you. Also be sure to train your own
pets and keep them healthy.
Children younger than 5 years of age die
from drowning more than any other age group.2 Help
prevent drowning by following these tips:
In addition to these precautions, learn first aid and
CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). Knowing these
skills can make the difference between life and death in an emergency
situation. For more information, see the topic
Dealing With Emergencies.