Health and Safety,Birth to 2 Years - Safety Measures Around the Home
Prevent household fires by keeping and maintaining smoke detectors and planning and
practicing escape routes.
Burns are caused by heat, electricity,
chemicals, radiation, or friction. Protect your child from burn injuries by
identifying dangers in your home and taking measures to remove or block your
child's access to them.
- Heat burns can be prevented by keeping your child away
from fire, steam, hot water, and other hot liquids and objects. Do not heat
bottled formula or breast milk in the microwave, because hot spots in the
liquid can burn a baby's mouth and throat. Consider buying flame-resistant
pajamas for your child.
- Electrical burns can be prevented by keeping
electrical cords out of your child's reach and using safety covers on all
electrical outlets. During electrical storms, keep your child indoors and away
- Chemical burns can be prevented by keeping all
chemicals out of children's reach. Acid, such as from batteries, and alkaline
products, such as drain cleaners, are especially dangerous.
- Sunburns (radiation burns) can permanently damage a
child's skin. Children younger than 6 months should stay out of the sun
entirely. Keep young children out of the sun, or have them use sun-protection
measures while they are outdoors.
- Friction burns are usually minor injuries. Rough play
or falls may cause these burns in babies or young children.
- Enjoy fireworks from a distance.
Almost half of the people injured by summer fireworks are children younger than age
15.2 Children can also get burns from using and being
around firecrackers and sparklers.
Guns and other weapons
Gun and firearm safety measures should be established for all households and especially those
where children live or visit. All guns and firearms should be kept in a locked
area, unloaded, and out of reach of children. Also store knives (even kitchen
knives), swords, and other weapons safely out of reach.
Pets are found in many households. Children
who live in homes without pets are likely to encounter animals in other
environments. Many injuries can be avoided by teaching children how to properly
interact with pets. And pet owners who train and keep their animals healthy
are less likely to have problems when children are around.
Drowning is a leading cause of injury death in young
children. Never leave your child alone near water. Also, follow drowning
prevention recommendations from the National Safety Council, the Consumer
Product Safety Commission, and the American Academy of Pediatrics.
- Supervise all baths at all times. Always stay within
an arm's reach of your child, and never leave your child alone in the tub-even
with an older sibling.
- Control access to water in your home. Keep large
bodies of water, such as a pond or a pool, fenced. Empty all buckets and
coolers when they are not in use. Keep toilet lids down. And don't let your
toddler go into the bathroom without an adult.
- Keep pool areas safe. When visiting public or private
pools, keep your child within arm's reach. If you have your own pool, make sure
to follow all your local safety codes. These usually are available from your
city's planning department.
- Keep your child away from irrigation canals and hot tubs. Do not let
your child play in or near them.
In addition to these precautions, learn first aid and
CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). It can make the
difference between life and death.