Weaning - What Is Expected
usually a gradual process. It starts when you begin feeding your baby in other
ways than breast- or bottle-feeding. And it ends when the child no longer
breast-feeds or takes a bottle. This process may last several weeks, a few
months, or more than a year.
Your baby may begin eating solid foods at 4 to
6 months of age. At this point, you may want to offer cup-feeding
to supplement breast- or bottle-feedings. Over the next 6 months, your baby may
show signs that he or she is ready to wean.
It is important to switch gradually to the cup. Although
some mothers stop breast- or bottle-feedings abruptly, the baby may not be
ready. Babies find comfort from sucking and also may need the closeness and
comfort breast- or bottle-feeding provides. Always think about your baby's
emotional needs, age, and readiness as well as about your own needs, when
switching from breast- or bottle-feeding to a cup. Toddlers (ages 1 to 2) may
tolerate abrupt weaning better than babies.
Weaning from breast-feeding
Start by replacing one daily breast milk feeding with a bottle or cup of formula. Pick your least favorite feeding. Every few days, replace an additional breast milk feeding until your baby is fed only with formula.
When you start to
wean your baby from the breast, replace your breast
milk with enough iron-fortified infant formula to make up for fewer nursing
sessions. After your baby stops breast-feeding, give him or her at least
16 fl oz (500 mL) to
24 fl oz (750 mL) of formula
each day. When your baby is 4 to 6 months of age and older, give solid foods high in
iron and vitamin C. Babies at least 12 months of age can also have cow's milk.
The following tips may help you wean:
- After your baby is 4 months of age, try letting
him or her drink from a cup. If your baby is not ready, you can start weaning
by switching to a bottle.
- Slowly reduce the number of times you
breast-feed each day. Replace a breast-feeding with a cup- or bottle-feeding
during one of your daily feeding times. Stay with that routine for a week. Then
the next week, choose an additional time of day to replace or shorten your
regular breast-feeding time. Each week, choose one more breast-feeding time
to replace or shorten.
- Offer the cup or bottle before each
breast-feeding. Some babies may not accept a bottle or cup until they have
- If you breast-feed before bedtime or a nap, lay your baby
down before he or she is asleep. Help your baby learn to fall asleep without
the aid of breast-feeding. A new bedtime ritual can help.
- Hold and
cuddle your baby to make up for the loss of skin contact during breast-feeding.
If a baby asks for more breast-feedings, make them up through touching and
Weaning from bottle-feeding