Back-to-School Vaccinations Made Simple
Vaccine Checklist continued...
The vaccines that your child receives at 15 months depend on which ones he or she did -- or did not -- receive at the six-month and one-year visits. These may include:
- PCV (pneumococcal)
- IPV (polio)
The series of inoculations that your toddler needs at his or her 18-month well visit will vary based on your child’s past history of vaccinations. He or she may need a dose of:
- PCV (pneumococcal)
- Flu shot
Vaccinations recommended when your child is between 19 and 23 months of age depends on which ones were -- or were not -- given during earlier visits. These may include:
Two to Three Years
From age two to three, your child may need a dose of the MMR and/or varicella or chicken pox vaccine, depending on when he or she received the last dose.
That’s not all. Your child may also need the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV) if he or she has certain underlying medical conditions. This is typically given two or more months after the last dose of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV).
In addition, children who are not fully vaccinated against Hepatitis A should receive the HepA series between the ages of two and six. The meningococcal vaccine (MCV) is recommended for high risk children ages 2 through 10. Meningococcal disease is the number-one cause of bacterial meningitis in the U.S. in children between ages 2 and 18 years. Meningitis is an infection of fluid surrounding the brain and the spinal cord. The meningococcal bacteria also can cause blood infections.
Four to Six Years
From the ages of four to six, your child may need a dose of the DTaP vaccine, the polio vaccine, MMR vaccine, and varicella vaccine. In addition, the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV) may be needed if your child has certain underlying medical conditions (consult your doctor). It can be given between ages two and six. Children who are not fully vaccinated against Hepatitis A should receive the HepA series between ages two and six. The meningococcal vaccine (MCV) is recommended for high risk children ages 2 through 10.
Eleven to 12 Years
The following vaccines are recommended for 11- and12-year-olds:
- Tetanus-diphtheria-acellular peruses vaccine (Tdap). Adolescents aged 11 to 18 should get one dose of this vaccine.
- Meningococcal vaccine (MCV4). The CDC recommends that adolescents receive this vaccine during their 11- to 12- year-old check-up or when they enter high school or college.
- Hepatits B. This three-shot vaccine course is recommended for adolescents who did not receive it as part of their childhood vaccines.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) or cervical cancer vaccine. As of now, two vaccines (Cervarix and Gardasil) are available to protect against the types of HPV that cause most cervical cancers. These are given in three shots over a six-month period.
Gardasil also protects against most genital warts. Both vaccines are recommended for 11- and 12-year-old girls. In addition, females aged 13 through 26 who did not get any (or all) of the shots are eligible for the HPV shot. These vaccines can also be given to girls as young as age 9. Girls should receive the same vaccine brand for all three doses. Gardasil can be used to protect boys and men ages 9 through 26 from most types of genital warts.