Back-to-School Vaccinations Made Simple
Vaccine Checklist continued...
Eleven to 12 Years
The following vaccines are recommended for 11- and12-year-olds:
- Tetanus-diphtheria-acellular peruses vaccine (Tdap). Adolescents aged 11 to 18 should get one dose of this vaccine.
- Meningococcal vaccine (MCV4). The CDC recommends that adolescents receive this vaccine during their 11- to 12- year-old check-up or when they enter high school or college.
- Hepatits B. This three-shot vaccine course is recommended for adolescents who did not receive it as part of their childhood vaccines.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) or cervical cancer vaccine. As of now, three vaccines (Cervarix, Gardasil and Gardasil-9) are available to protect against the types of HPV that cause most cervical cancers. These are given in three shots over a six-month period and are recommended for both boys and girls.
Gardasil and Gardasil-9 also protect against most genital warts. These vaccines are recommended for 11- and 12-year-olds but can be given as early as age 9 and up to 26 years old. It is also recommended for 11 and 12 year old boys up to 21 years old. Cervarix protects against cervical cancers and are intended just for females ages 11 and 12 years old up to age 26 years. Your doctor can help determine which vaccine is best for your child. Childrenshould receive the same vaccine brand for all three doses.
Older children should receive HepB, Polio, MMR, and Varicella vaccines if they did not receive the recommended doses when they were younger. The CDC also recommends a second “catch-up” varicella shot for children, adolescents, and adults who have previously received one dose. Some children may need additional vaccines either based on their personal risk profile such as pneumococcal polysaccharide (PPV), Hepatitis A, and influenza.
“The schedule is very complicated compared to 15 years ago,” Rodewald says. “There are twice as many diseases that can be prevented through vaccines and the schedule changes every year."
The best way to ensure your child has received all the necessary vaccinations is to consult with your pediatrician or nurse and review your child’s file. “Vaccination is the safest way to protect children from vaccine-preventable diseases,” Rodewald says. “Get them in as timely a manner as possible and adhere to school immunization laws.”