If you’re one of the 58 million Americans who suffer from allergic rhinitis – hay fever or seasonal allergies caused by tree, grass, and other plant pollens – chances are you sometimes find it difficult to keep your mind on what you’re doing. Here are some tips to help you stay alert.
Change Your Allergy Medication
Nasal steroid sprays are considered the most effective way of getting relief from a runny nose and itchy eyes. The sprays triamcinolone and fluticasone are available over-the-counter, but others require a prescription.
Over-the-counter allergy medications called antihistamines may also ease symptoms, but some like diphenhydramine and chlorpheniramine may cause drowsiness in some people. A newer generation of antihistamines is available that's less likely to cause drowsiness. An antihistamine like cetirizine, fexofenadine (Allegra), or loratadine (Claritin) would be are a good choice if your main complaints are sneezing and itching.
Other treatments for nasal allergies are also available over the counter. These include nasal saline rinses, nasal steroid sprays, and nasal decongestants. If you don't find relief from allergy symptoms with over-the-counter products, schedule a visit with an allergist. An allergist can help determine exactly what you’re allergic to and how severe your allergy is. Treatment may include immunotherapy, known as allergy shots, and other medications, such as prescription nasal corticosteroids and leukotriene inhibitors to control inflammation and reduce symptoms, and antihistamines.
Nasal Allergies? Plan Your Day Around Pollen
If you have nasal allergies, you know it’s best to avoid allergy triggers. Still, it's difficult to avoid the blanket of pollen that seems to cover everything in spring. Pay attention to the pollen count on the news and try to stay indoors when the pollen count is high. The best time to go outside is early morning when pollen levels are lower or after a heavy rain.
These tips may also help:
- Try to stay inside on dry, windy days, when the air is more likely to have pollen and allergy symptoms are often at their worst.
- If you go outside, change clothes as soon as possible and take a shower to rinse pollen from your skin and hair.
- Keep outside clothes in the laundry room and out of the bedroom or bathroom. If you have to work in the yard, wear a mask while you work.